Sovereignty After Empire

Sovereignty After Empire PDF
Author: Sally N Cummings
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748675396
Size: 44.19 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 408
View: 5979

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This is a unique, systematic comparison of empires and of their consequences for sovereignty in the Middle East and Central Asia. It brings theory on empire and sovereignty to bear on empirical variation across the two regions.

Theorizing Central Asian Politics

Theorizing Central Asian Politics PDF
Author: Rico Isaacs
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331997355X
Size: 74.55 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 319
View: 5803

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This book brings together a series of innovative contributions which provide an eclectic view of how theorizing politics plays out in Central Asia. How are the concepts of governance, legitimacy, ideology, power, order, and the state framed in the region? How can we use the experiences of the Central Asian states to renovate political theorizing? In addressing these questions, the volume relies on the contributions of many young and local researchers, whose chapters are primed to address three key themes: exploring models of governance, revealing ideological justifications, and reframing state and order. Utilizing a range of single and comparative case studies from across the Central Asian space, this illuminating and original volume opens up a new space for political theorists, regional specialists and students of politics to begin reconsidering how we approach the theorization of regions of the world assumed to be on the periphery.

Wasserproblematik Im Kontext Regionaler Stabilit Tsrisiken

Wasserproblematik im Kontext regionaler Stabilit  tsrisiken PDF
Author: Julia Bar
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658074183
Size: 50.48 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : de
Pages : 465
View: 1403

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​Julia Bar untersucht die Korrelation zwischen der kooperationsverhindernden Politikformulierung der Anrainerstaaten hinsichtlich der Wassernutzung der internationalen Flusssysteme Amu Darja/Syr Darja und Tigris/Euphrat einerseits und dem existierenden regionalen Konfliktkonglomerat andererseits. Mithilfe einer qualitativ vergleichenden Analyse evaluiert sie die Kontextvariablen und Einflussfaktoren, die das Etablieren eines nachhaltigen grenzüberschreitenden Wassermanagements und damit die Beilegung der andauernden wasserbezogenen Nutzungskonflikte in den beiden Regionen verhindern. Die Autorin zeigt, wie ein nachhaltiges Wassermanagement dort entstehen kann und welche internen und externen Voraussetzungen dafür zu erfüllen sind.​

Regime Transition In Central Asia

Regime Transition in Central Asia PDF
Author: Dagikhudo Dagiev
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134600690
Size: 20.32 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 246
View: 5681

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Presenting a study of regime transition, political transformation, and the challenges that faced the post-Communist republics of Central Asia on independence, this book focuses on the process of transition in Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, and the obstacles that these newly-independent states are facing in the post-Communist period. The book analyses how in the early stages of their independence, the governments of Central Asia declared that they would build democratic states, but that in practice, they demonstrated that they are more inclined towards authoritarianism. With the declaration of independence, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, like many other former Soviet national republics, were faced with the issues of nationalism, ethnicity, identity and territorial delimitation. This book looks at how the discourse of patrimonial nationalism in post-Communist Tajikistan and Uzbekistan has been the elites’ strategy to address all these issues: to maintain the stateness of their respective countries; to preserve the unity of their nation; to fill the ideological void of post-Communism; to prevent the rise of Islam; and to legitimize their authoritarian practice. Arguing against the claim that the Central Asian states have undergone divergent paths of transition, the book discusses how they are in fact all authoritarian, although exhibiting different degrees of authoritarianism. This book provides a useful contribution to studies on Central Asian Politics and International Relations.

Decolonizing Central Asian International Relations

Decolonizing Central Asian International Relations PDF
Author: Timur Dadabaev
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000458792
Size: 24.66 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 168
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This book unpacks the main narratives used in international relations to depict and explain existing inter-state relations in Central Asia, with a focus on the construction of fairer international relations along the Silk Road. The book points to the need to decolonize international relations in the Central Asian region to present a fair representation of the regional states in international affairs. In doing so, the book exposes the concepts and stereotypes that have been imposed on the Central Asian region by dominant assumptions in contemporary international relations. Offering empirical grounding for alternative views, the author suggests that Western international relations make the same mistakes in the Central Asian region that the Russian Marxists made when they attributed a narrative of modernity along the lines of the progress made in Germany and Russia. In such a structure, both Russian Marxist attempts and liberalist Western ideas disregard the fact that the region has its own model of modernity and progress, which does not necessarily involve an appeal to the modern nation state, ethnicity and state building. The book sheds lights on the prospects of coordinated development of Central Asia and Afghanistan. It also provides insights into the development of post-Socialist Asia in its relations with Russia, China, Japan and South Korea. Contributing to the task of placing Central Asia in discussions in the discipline of international relations, this book will be of interest to academics working in the fields of international relations and Asian politics, in particular Central Asian studies.

International Relations Of The Middle East

International Relations of the Middle East PDF
Author: Louise Fawcett
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198708742
Size: 17.30 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Middle East
Languages : en
Pages : 446
View: 958

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The most authoritative, comprehensive, and balanced overview of international relations in the Middle East, this respected textbook helps students get to grips with this fascinating and challenging subject area. A team of expert scholars combines a history of the region with analysis of key themes, actors, and conflicts, using a range of learning features and online resources to support student learning.Offering a wide range of perspectives, this book exposes studentsto different approaches to the subject, and encourages them to think critically in order to draw their own conclusions. The text features a range of case studies and 'micro-cases' throughout, demonstrating the relevance of international relations theory in the contemporary Middle East, and helping students to apply their learning to real world situations.The fourth edition features a new chapter on the Arab Spring, highlighting this significant development in contemporary Middle Eastern international relations, and an expanded discussion of rising powers in the region, such as Russia and China. New to this editionA new chapter on the Arab Spring and its aftermath brings the book fully up-to-date with contemporary events.Fuller discussion of 'new' and 'rising' actors in the region, including Russia and China, ensures that the text accurately reflects the current multipolar international system.An increased number of case studies demonstrate the relevance of theory to practice.End-of-chapter questions have been introduced to encourage students to check their understanding and reflect on their learning.

War And Conflict In The Middle East And North Africa

War and Conflict in the Middle East and North Africa PDF
Author: Ariel I. Ahram
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1509532846
Size: 30.38 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 288
View: 2144

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For much of the last half century, the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) has seemed the outlier in global peace. Today Iraq, Libya, Israel/Palestine, Yemen, and Syria are not just countries, but synonyms for prolonged and brutal wars. But why is MENA so exceptionally violent? More importantly, can it change? Exploring the causes and consequences of wars and conflicts in this troubled region, Ariel Ahram helps readers answer these questions. In Part I, Ahram shows how MENA’s conflicts evolved with the formation of its states. Violence varied from civil wars and insurgencies to traditional interstate conflicts and affected some countries more frequently than others. The strategies rulers employed to stay in power constrained how they recruited, trained, and equipped their armies. Part II explores dynamics that trap the region in conflict—oil dependence, geopolitical interference, and embedded identity cleavages. The catastrophic wars of the 2010s reflect the confounding effects of these traps, culminating in state collapse and intervention from the US and Russia, as well as regional powers like Iran, Saudi Arabia, and the UAE. Finally, Ahram considers the possibilities of peace, highlighting the disjuncture between local peacebuilding and national and internationally-backed mediation. War and Conflict in the Middle East and North Africa will be an essential resource for students of peace and security studies and MENA politics, and anyone wanting to move beyond headlines and soundbites to understand the historical and social roots of MENA’s conflicts.

International Relations Of The Middle East

International Relations of the Middle East PDF
Author: Louise Fawcett
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019960827X
Size: 75.18 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 408
View: 5954

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This textbook offers an historical framework and up-to-date analysis of contemporary events in the Middle East. Bringing together leading scholars in the field, it presents a balanced and comprehensive assessment of the international politics of the region.

International Relations In The Middle East

International Relations in the Middle East PDF
Author: Ewan Stein
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107181895
Size: 18.30 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 288
View: 2072

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Covering a century of Middle Eastern international relations, this book develops an original approach to understanding regional conflict and cooperation.

Break All The Borders

Break all the Borders PDF
Author: Ariel I. Ahram
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190917407
Size: 66.32 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 288
View: 4490

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Since 2011, civil wars and state failure have wracked the Arab world, underlying the misalignment between national identity and political borders. In Break all the Borders, Ariel I. Ahram examines the separatist movements that aimed to remake those borders and create new independent states. With detailed studies of the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, the federalists in eastern Libya, the southern resistance in Yemen, and Kurdish nationalist parties, Ahram explains how separatists captured territory and handled the tasks of rebel governance, including managing oil exports, electricity grids, and irrigation networks. Ahram emphasizes that the separatism arose not just as an opportunistic response to state collapse. Rather, separatists drew inspiration from the legacy of Woodrow Wilson and ideal of self-determination. They sought to reinstate political autonomy that had been lost during the early and mid-twentieth century. Speaking to the international community, separatist promised a more just and stable world order. In Yemen, Syria, Iraq, and Libya, they served as key allies against radical Islamic groups. Yet their hopes for international recognition have gone unfulfilled. Separatism is symptomatic of the contradictions in sovereignty and statehood in the Arab world. Finding ways to integrate, instead of eliminate, separatist movements may be critical for rebuilding regional order.

The New Politics Of Energy Security In The European Union And Beyond

The New Politics of Energy Security in the European Union and Beyond PDF
Author: Andrea Prontera
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317022688
Size: 59.73 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 244
View: 6714

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Combining theoretical reflections and empirical insights from paradigmatic case studies in the area of external energy governance, pipeline politics, Liquefied Natural Gas development and offshore petroleum policy and politics, this ground-breaking study demonstrates that a distinctive and new politics of energy security is definitively emerging in the European Union. Innovative not only in regard to the case studies presented (which include the Caspian region, the Baltic, Mediterrean countries, Central Asia and EU-Russia relations), but also in regard to the analytical framework adopted – an International Political Economy approach informed by an historical institutional perspective – the book challenges the common view of the ‘de-politicisation’ of energy security supported by the mainstream market approach and the power politics and ‘zero-sum game’ view supported by the geopolitical perspective. This book places the study of EU energy politics in the broader, evolving context of global energy markets and explores the complex interactions between EU and national political dynamics and between energy security and environmental concerns at the local level.

Citizenship Inequality And Difference

Citizenship  Inequality  and Difference PDF
Author: Frederick Cooper
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691217335
Size: 19.87 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 224
View: 5442

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"Offers an overview of citizenship's complex evolution, from ancient Rome to the present. Political leaders and thinkers still debate, as they did in Republican Rome, whether the presumed equivalence of citizens is compatible with cultural diversity and economic inequality. The author presents citizenship as 'claim-making'--the assertion of rights in a political entity. What those rights should be and to whom they should apply have long been subjects for discussion and political mobilization, while the kind of political entity in which claims and counterclaims have been made has varied over time and space. Citizenship ideas were first shaped in the context of empires. The relationship of citizenship to 'nation' and 'empire' was hotly debated after the revolutions in France and the Americas, and claims to 'imperial citizenship' continued to be made in the mid-twentieth century. [The author] examines struggles over citizenship in the Spanish, French, British, Ottoman, Russian, Soviet, and American empires, and ... explains the reconfiguration of citizenship questions after the collapse of empires in Africa and India. The author explores the tension today between individualistic and social conceptions of citizenship, as well as between citizenship as an exclusionary notion and flexible and multinational conceptions of citizenship."--

The Oxford World History Of Empire

The Oxford World History of Empire PDF
Author: Peter Fibiger Bang
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0197532748
Size: 27.90 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 1449
View: 4378

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This is the first world history of empire, reaching from the third millennium BCE to the present. By combining synthetic surveys, thematic comparative essays, and numerous chapters on specific empires, its two volumes provide unparalleled coverage of imperialism throughout history and across continents, from Asia to Europe and from Africa to the Americas. Only a few decades ago empire was believed to be a thing of the past; now it is clear that it has been and remains one of the most enduring forms of political organization and power. We cannot understand the dynamics and resilience of empire without moving decisively beyond the study of individual cases or particular periods, such as the relatively short age of European colonialism. The history of empire, as these volumes amply demonstrate, needs to be drawn on the much broader canvas of global history. Volume I: The Imperial Experience is dedicated to synthesis and comparison. Following a comprehensive theoretical survey and bold world history synthesis, fifteen chapters analyze and explore the multifaceted experience of empire across cultures and through the ages. The broad range of perspectives includes: scale, world systems and geopolitics, military organization, political economy and elite formation, monumental display, law, mapping and registering, religion, literature, the politics of difference, resistance, energy transfers, ecology, memories, and the decline of empires. This broad set of topics is united by the central theme of power, examined under four headings: systems of power, cultures of power, disparities of power, and memory and decline. Taken together, these chapters offer a comprehensive and unique view of the imperial experience in world history.

Diverging Paths Of Development In Central Asia

Diverging Paths of Development in Central Asia PDF
Author: Gül Berna Özcan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351739425
Size: 36.28 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 160
View: 3422

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Newly gained sovereignty, uneven penetration of neo-liberal ideals and the growth of disparate capitalist markets have elicited varied responses in Central Asia. What does development mean for the political class and for ordinary citizens? What are the effects of new capitalist institutions and markets? What impact did western development blueprints and external donor engagement leave in the region? This book illuminates the diverse realities of post-Soviet development in Central Asia through a multidisciplinary prism. The contributing articles are grounded in a range of social science disciplines including architecture, anthropology and geography. The analyses demonstrate how a synthesis of specialist knowledge from area studies and individual disciplinary methodologies can provide well-grounded critical positions on development. The book highlights the complexities of everyday routines of dispossession and coping strategies in the face of natural and manmade disasters. These experiences create deep moral anxieties under the debilitating effects of monetisation and marketisation of ordinary livelihoods, social ties and environmental resources. This book was originally published as a special issue of Central Asian Survey.

Arid Land Systems Sciences And Societies

Arid Land Systems  Sciences and Societies PDF
Author: Troy Sternberg
Publisher: MDPI
ISBN: 3039213474
Size: 53.66 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 380
View: 5400

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Understanding deserts and drylands is essential, as arid landscapes cover >40% of the Earth and are home to two billion people. Today's problematic environment–human interaction needs contemporary knowledge to address dryland complexity. Physical dimensions in arid zones—land systems, climate and hazards, ecology—are linked with social processes that directly impact drylands, such as land management, livelihoods, and development. The challenges require integrated research that identifies systemic drivers across global arid regions. Measurement and monitoring, field investigation, remote sensing, and data analysis are effective tools to investigate natural dynamics. Equally, inquiry into how policy and practice affect landscape sustainability is key to mitigating detrimental activity in deserts. Relations between socio-economic forces and degradation, agro-pastoral rangeland use, drought and disaster and resource extraction reflect land interactions. Contemporary themes of food security, conflict, and conservation are interlinked in arid environments. This book unifies desert science, arid environments, and dryland development. The chapters identify land dynamics, address system risks and delineate human functions through original research in arid zones. Mixed methodologies highlight the vital links between social and environmental science in global deserts. The book engages with today's topical themes and presents novel analyses of arid land systems and societies.

Disciples Of The State

Disciples of the State PDF
Author: Kristin Fabbe
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108419089
Size: 40.45 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 310
View: 6177

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As the Ottoman Empire crumbled, the Middle East and Balkans became the site of contestation and cooperation between the traditional forces of religion and the emergent machine of the sovereign state. Yet such strategic interaction rarely yielded a decisive victory for either the secular state or for religion. By tracing how state-builders engaged religious institutions, elites, and attachments, this book problematizes the divergent religion-state power configurations that have developed. There are two central arguments. First, states carved out more sovereign space in places like Greece and Turkey, where religious elites were integral to early centralizing reform processes. Second, region-wide structural constraints on the types of linkages that states were able to build with religion have generated long-term repercussions. Fatefully, both state policies that seek to facilitate equality through the recognition of religious difference and state policies that seek to eradicate such difference have contributed to failures of liberal democratic consolidation.