Non Governmental Organizations In Contemporary China

Non Governmental Organizations in Contemporary China PDF
Author: Qiusha Ma
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134224117
Size: 50.93 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 242
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Based on documentary materials including interviews with key players in China, this book charts the development of non-governmental and non-profit organizations in China from the late 1970s to the present day. It recounts how in the aftermath of the 1978 reforms that created a market economy and diversified interests and social life, new institutions and organizations outside of the state system increased dramatically in number, size and influence. These organizations, which barely existed before the reforms began in the late 1970s, carry out many social, economic and cultural tasks neglected by the government. Qiusha Ma examines two key questions crucial to understanding the development of NGOs in China: First, is it possible under China’s one-party state for non-governmental organizations to thrive and play important economic, social and political functions? And secondly, are NGOs facilitating the formation of a civil society in China?

Non Governmental Organisations In China

Non Governmental Organisations in China PDF
Author: Yiyi Lu
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134047355
Size: 62.48 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 172
View: 6777

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As Chinese society becomes more open, and hopes rise that control by the Communist Party may become more relaxed, a great deal is expected from non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in the formation of civil society. This book, based on extensive original research including detailed interview research in over 40 Chinese NGOs, discusses the current position of NGOs within China. It argues that although all NGOs – both those originating as a result of government initiatives, and those which are popularly-organised – are dependent on the state, all enjoy a very large degree of autonomy. This autonomy arises in part because of the limited capacity of central government to control NGOs, and in part because of the fragmented and non-monolithic nature of the state, which enables individual bureaucratic patrons to protect particular NGOs, especially officially-organised ones, from the full impact of state control. The book also discusses the skill base of NGOs, showing that this is somewhat limited, and argues that, contrary to current hopes that NGOs and thereby civil society may flourish, the lack of state control is already leading to an "uncivil society" where rules do not exist or are ignored, and where organisations which are supposed to work for the public interest are being used to serve illegitimate private interests instead.

Non Governmental Organizations In China

Non governmental Organizations in China PDF
Author: Yiyi Lu
Publisher: Taylor & Francis US
ISBN: 9780415458580
Size: 33.26 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 170
View: 6365

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This book, based on extensive original research including detailed interview research in over 40 Chinese NGOs, discusses the current position of NGOs within China. It argues that although all NGOs are dependent on the state, all enjoy a very large degree of autonomy.

Ngo Governance And Management In China

NGO Governance and Management in China PDF
Author: Reza Hasmath
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317437136
Size: 17.86 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 202
View: 3143

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As China becomes increasingly integrated into the global system there will be continuing pressure to acknowledge and engage with non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Suffice to say, without a clear understanding of the state’s interaction with NGOs, and vice versa, any political, economic and social analysis of China will be incomplete. This book provides an urgent insight into contemporary state-NGO relations. It brings together the most recent research covering three broad themes, namely the conceptualizations and subsequent functions of NGOs; state-NGO engagement; and NGOs as a mediator between state and society in contemporary China. The book provides a future glimpse into the challenges of state-NGO interactions in China's rapidly developing regions, which will aid NGOs strategic planning in both the short- and long-term. In addition, it allows a measure of predictability in our assessment of Chinese NGOs behaviour, notably when they eventually move their areas of operation from the domestic sphere to an international one. The salient themes, concepts, theories and practice discussed in this book will be of acute interest to students, scholars and practitioners in development studies, public administration, and Chinese and Asian politics. Reza Hasmath is a Lecturer in Chinese Politics at the University of Oxford, UK, and an Associate Professor in Political Science at the University of Alberta, Canada. His research looks at state-society relationships, the labour market experiences of ethnic minorities, and development theories and practices. Jennifer Y.J. Hsu is an Assistant Professor in Political Science at the University of Alberta, Canada. Her recent publications include a co-authored book HIV/AIDS in China: The Economic and Social Determinants (Routledge, 2011), and a co-edited book The Chinese Corporatist State: Adaption, Survival and Resistance (Routledge, 2012).

The Regulation Of Foreign Non Governmental Organizations In China

The Regulation of Foreign Non Governmental Organizations in China PDF
Author: Markus Fisch
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3668430179
Size: 62.10 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 16
View: 1398

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Scientific Essay from the year 2017 in the subject Law - Comparative Legal Systems, Comparative Law, , language: English, abstract: The present article is devoted to China's first Law on the Management Of Foreign Non-Governmental Organizations' Activities within Mainland China which will enter into force on 1 January 2017. The reform plans of the Chinese government have caused a great echo abroad, since the new law will have a significant impact on the activities of foreign NGOs in mainland China. In future, they will have to choose between two forms of activities, either to establish a representative office or to carry out temporary activities. However, both cases require a registration process with the authorities of Public Security as part of the new comprehensive monitoring and controlling system. At first, the article illuminates the historical and political background of foreign NGOs and their activities in China. Then, a brief overview of the current legal framework, under which foreign NGOs in China are entitled to act, is given. The focus lies on the analysis of the new legislation, in particular, the registration procedure for both forms of activities, followed by a closer view on special provisions to be observed after a successful registration, and a discussion of the regulatory powers in case of a violation of the legal provisions.

China S Opening Society

China s Opening Society PDF
Author: Zheng Yongnian
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134056885
Size: 55.24 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 2596

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Despite its recent rapid economic growth, China’s political system has remained resolutely authoritarian. However, an increasingly open economy is creating the infrastructure for an open society, with the rise of a non-state sector in which a private economy, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and different forms of social forces are playing an increasingly powerful role in facilitating political change and promoting good governance. This book examines the development of the non-state sector and NGOs in China since the onset of reform in the late 1970s. It explores the major issues facing the non-state sector in China today, assesses the institutional barriers that are faced by its developing civil society, and compares China’s example with wider international experience. It shows how the ‘get-rich-quick’ ethos of the Deng Xiaoping and Jiang Zemin years, that prioritised rapid GDP growth above all else, has given way under the Jiantao Hu regime to a renewed concern with social reforms, in areas such as welfare, medical care, education, and public transportation. It demonstrates how this change has led to encouragement by the Hu government of the development of the non-state sector as a means to perform regulatory functions and to achieve effective provision of public and social services. It explores the tension between the government’s desire to keep the NGOs as "helping hands’ rather than as autonomous, independent organizations, and their ability to perform these roles successfully.

Soziale Sicherungssysteme In Der Vr China

Soziale Sicherungssysteme in der VR China PDF
Author: Juliane M.
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3640923456
Size: 68.40 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : de
Pages : 12
View: 1322

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Essay aus dem Jahr 2006 im Fachbereich Politik - Internationale Politik - Region: Südasien, Note: 1,7, Freie Universität Berlin (Otto Suhr Institut), Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: In dieser Arbeit wird auf zehn Seiten das Problem sozialer Sicherung in China und die Rolle von Non Governmental Organization behandelt. Um die Arbeit von NGOs und GONGOs in der VR China soll es in diesem Essay gehen, wobei einerseits deren Aufgabenspektrum und Arbeitserfolge, andererseits die Probleme von NGOs in China, beispielsweise durch rechtliche und politische Restriktionen, thematisiert werden sollen.

The Role Of International Non Governmental Organizations In The Institutional Capacity Building Of Community Based Organizations In China

The Role of International Non Governmental Organizations in the Institutional Capacity Building of Community Based Organizations in China PDF
Author: Nga-Sze Venus Cheng
Publisher: Open Dissertation Press
ISBN: 9781374669352
Size: 23.89 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
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This dissertation, "The Role of International Non-governmental Organizations in the Institutional Capacity Building of Community-based Organizations in China: the Case of an International AIDS Concern Organization in Yunnan" by Nga-sze, Venus, Cheng, 鄭雅詩, was obtained from The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong) and is being sold pursuant to Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License. The content of this dissertation has not been altered in any way. We have altered the formatting in order to facilitate the ease of printing and reading of the dissertation. All rights not granted by the above license are retained by the author. Abstract: Abstract Due to the unique social, economic and political context of the country, it is widely recognized that non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in China have very different features from the conventional definition of NGOs. Nonetheless, with the transition of the planned economy to a market one, the NGOs in China are undergoing immense transformation as well. One of the influential forces on the institutional transformation comes from international NGOs (INGOs), which have been setting up programme offices on the Mainland, or sponsoring programmes managed by local NGOs or Community-Based Organizations (CBOs). Illustrated by a case of an INGO concerning HIV/ AIDS prevention in Yunnan, China, this paper will see how INGOs have been changing the landscape for NGOs in China, and helping build the capacity of Chinese NGOs/ CBOs during their collaborations. DOI: 10.5353/th_b3861285 Subjects: Non-governmental organizations - China Community organization - China AIDS (Disease) - China - Prevention

The Actual And Potential Roles Played By Chinese Ngos In Human Rights Promotion And Protection In China

The Actual and Potential Roles Played by Chinese Ngos in Human Rights Promotion and Protection in China PDF
Author: Jie Tang
Publisher: Open Dissertation Press
ISBN: 9781361477267
Size: 19.57 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 107

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This dissertation, "The Actual and Potential Roles Played by Chinese NGOs in Human Rights Promotion and Protection in China" by Jie, Tang, 湯杰, was obtained from The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong) and is being sold pursuant to Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License. The content of this dissertation has not been altered in any way. We have altered the formatting in order to facilitate the ease of printing and reading of the dissertation. All rights not granted by the above license are retained by the author. Abstract: Abstract of thesis entitled The Actual and Potential Roles Played by Chinese NGOs in Human Rights Promotion and Protection in China Submitted by Tang Jie for the degree of Master of Philosophy at The University of Hong Kong in August 2005 Last decade has witnessed a stunning growth of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in mainland China, covering economic, social, cultural, educational, scientific and legal areas, a phenomenon which has been said to be the emerging civil society in China. This non-state sector has been playing active roles to China's socioeconomic development. Internationally, NGOs have the nature ties with the global human rights movement. They contribute substantially to human rights advancement worldwide through all kinds of format, including standard setting, human rights education, legal and humanitarian aid, etc. This thesis attaches special attention to Chinese NGOs' contribution to the human rights situation in China. It first analyzes NGO's development trajectory in contemporary China and points out the major factors affecting NGO's growth. It then discusses existing NGO laws in China, attempting at analyzing the legislation deficiency and putting forward the suggestions for improvement. Through several detailed case studies, this paper figures out the legal and political environments facing by nascent Chinese non-state entities. It argues although compared with the international NGOs, Chinese human rights non-state activists are still on their infancy stage, they could play the leading role to promote human rights causes in China in the coming years. By examining the specific NGO examples working in the human rights field, this study reviews the strategies employed and the challenges encountered by these non-state actors within their human rights efforts. The future prospect for NGOs human rights work in China is also presented in the thesis. An abstract of exactly 243 words DOI: 10.5353/th_b3690115 Subjects: Non-governmental organizations - China Human rights - China

China And International Organizations

China and International Organizations PDF
Author: Gerald Chan
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN:
Size: 15.61 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : China
Languages : en
Pages : 225
View: 6797

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Focusing on such organizations as the International Olympic Committee and the International Council of Scientific Unions, this study surveys Chinese participation in international non-governmental organizations and the competing claims of Beijing and Taiwan to be the sole legitimate representative of all China in these organizations--the "two-China issue."

Non Governmental Organisations In China

Non Governmental Organisations in China PDF
Author: Yiyi Lu
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134047363
Size: 18.39 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 172
View: 2893

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As Chinese society becomes more open, and hopes rise that control by the Communist Party may become more relaxed, a great deal is expected from non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in the formation of civil society. This book, based on extensive original research including detailed interview research in over 40 Chinese NGOs, discusses the current position of NGOs within China. It argues that although all NGOs – both those originating as a result of government initiatives, and those which are popularly-organised – are dependent on the state, all enjoy a very large degree of autonomy. This autonomy arises in part because of the limited capacity of central government to control NGOs, and in part because of the fragmented and non-monolithic nature of the state, which enables individual bureaucratic patrons to protect particular NGOs, especially officially-organised ones, from the full impact of state control. The book also discusses the skill base of NGOs, showing that this is somewhat limited, and argues that, contrary to current hopes that NGOs and thereby civil society may flourish, the lack of state control is already leading to an "uncivil society" where rules do not exist or are ignored, and where organisations which are supposed to work for the public interest are being used to serve illegitimate private interests instead.

Grassroots Ngo S In China

Grassroots Ngo s in China PDF
Author: Caixia Chu
Publisher: Open Dissertation Press
ISBN: 9781361308158
Size: 49.65 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
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This dissertation, "Grassroots NGO's in China: a Study of the Legitimation Process" by Caixia, Chu, 褚彩霞, was obtained from The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong) and is being sold pursuant to Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License. The content of this dissertation has not been altered in any way. We have altered the formatting in order to facilitate the ease of printing and reading of the dissertation. All rights not granted by the above license are retained by the author. Abstract: China, as an authoritarian state, exerts tight control over society. Grassroots non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in China emerged in the context of top-down restrictions and lack of bottom-up social support. However, over the years, they have developed into a visible social force in various areas, such as environmental protection and women's rights protection. The policy environment has also become more favorable for NGOs. This research aims to investigate how this process happened. How did grassroots NGOs in China gradually gain legitimacy in the face of a hostile government and among an uninformed public? Adapting legitimacy studies in organizational theory to NGO studies, I developed a four-stage model to illustrate the legitimation process of Chinese grassroots NGOs involving embeddedness, diffusion, transition and validation. Using two in-depth case studies, the legitimation process and the dynamics between the state, NGOs and society are explored. I contend that grassroots NGOs initially embed themselves in existing institutions to attain a basic level of legitimacy, after which they diffuse their values and images through various channels to attain greater legitimacy. After a stage of transition, the legitimacy of grassroots NGOs is enhanced and they move into a stage of validation. In each stage, different types of legitimacy are attained through different sources. The interaction between the different dimensions of legitimacy reflects the dynamics between the state, NGOs and society. DOI: 10.5353/th_b4979946 Subjects: Non-governmental organizations - China

Ngos In China And Europe

NGOs in China and Europe PDF
Author: Yuwen Li
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317087607
Size: 40.42 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 340
View: 5494

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This volume presents a comparison of the experiences of NGOs in China and Europe. The chapters on China contain the most comprehensive and up-to-date analysis of various types of NGOs currently active in the country. The contributions on foreign NGOs in China, non-governmental think tanks, public interest legal organizations, labour related NGOs and charity organizations, are the first in English to discuss successful experiences as well as the difficulties they face in the post-Mao era. The European studies draw examples from countries where the experiences of NGOs are at various stages of development. The section on NGOs in Central and Eastern Europe examines the rapid expansion of civil society and their pivotal role in promoting political change and building democracy in a transitional society, as well as the challenges they confront in advancing a strong civil society. Those chapters on NGOs' experiences in Western European countries, especially in the Netherlands and the UK, provide insightful information and examination of the most contentious issues concerning NGOs' accountability, governance and relationship with the government.