Modern Architecture In Czechoslovakia And Other Writings

Modern Architecture in Czechoslovakia and Other Writings PDF
Author: Karel Teige
Publisher: Getty Publications
ISBN: 9780892365968
Size: 68.40 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Architecture
Languages : en
Pages : 367
View: 3892

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This volume is a translation of Karel Teige's 1930 publication that brought attention to the modernist movement of his native Czechoslovakia and aligned it with the avant-garde efforts of the East and West.

The Vienna Circle In Czechoslovakia

The Vienna Circle in Czechoslovakia PDF
Author: Radek Schuster
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 303036383X
Size: 24.68 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 204
View: 2250

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This book explores the remarkable interconnections of the Czechoslovak environment and the work and legacy of the Vienna Circle on the philosophical, scientific and artistic level. The Czech lands and later Czechoslovakia were the living and working space for the predecessors and catalysts for Logical Empiricism, such as Bernard Bolzano, Ernst Mach and Albert Einstein, along with key figures in the Vienna Circle such as Philipp Frank and Rudolf Carnap. Moreover, Prague hosted important academic events in which Logical Empiricism was presented to the public, such as the September 1929 1st Conference on the Epistemology of the Exact Sciences, which launched the key manifesto, The Vienna Circle. The Scientific Conception of the World. In addition, this book investigates both the positive and negative receptions of Logical Empiricism within Czech and Slovak intellectual circles. The volume features a selection of contributions to the international conference, The Vienna Circle in Czechoslovakia, held in Pilsen, Czech Republic, in February 2015. These essays are supplemented by two texts of vivid personal memoirs by Nina Holton and Ladislav Tondl. The book is of interest to scholars and researchers interested in the history of philosophy and science in central Europe and the philosophy of science and the Logical Empiricism of the Vienna Circle.

In The Suburbs Of History

In the Suburbs of History PDF
Author: Steven Logan
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1487525435
Size: 73.87 MB
Format: PDF
Category : City planning
Languages : en
Pages : 248
View: 4289

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Reading modern architecture and urbanism in socialist and capitalist cities, this work challenges the twentieth-century divide between East and West in favour of a shared and contested history that plays out on the peripheries of the world's cities.

The Optimum Imperative Czech Architecture For The Socialist Lifestyle 1938 1968

The Optimum Imperative  Czech Architecture for the Socialist Lifestyle  1938   1968 PDF
Author: Ana Miljacki
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1315460122
Size: 10.56 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Architecture
Languages : en
Pages : 326
View: 3568

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The Optimum Imperative examines architecture’s multiple entanglements within the problematics of Socialist lifestyle in postwar Czechoslovakia. Situated in the period loosely bracketed by the signing of the Munich accords in 1938, which affected Czechoslovakia’s entrance into World War II, and the Warsaw Pact troops’ occupation of Prague in 1968, the book investigates three decades of Czech architecture, highlighting a diverse cast of protagonists. Key among them are the theorist and architect Karel Honzík and a small group of his colleagues in the Club for the Study of Consumption; the award-winning Czechoslovak Pavilion at the 1958 World Expo in Brussels; and SIAL, a group of architects from Liberec that emerged from the national network of Stavoprojekt offices during the reform years, only to be subsumed back into it in the wake of Czechoslovak normalization. This episodic approach enables a long view of the way that the project of constructing Socialism was made disciplinarily specific for architecture, through the constant interpretation of Socialist lifestyle, both as a narrative framework and as a historical goal. Without sanitizing history of its absurd contortions in discourse and in daily life, the book takes as its subject the complex and dynamic relationships between Cold War politics, state power, disciplinary legitimating narratives, and Czech architects’ optimism for Socialism. It proposes that these key dimensions of practicing architecture and building Socialism were intertwined, and even commensurate at times, through the framework of Socialist lifestyle.

Sanctioning Modernism

Sanctioning Modernism PDF
Author: Timothy Parker
Publisher: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 0292757255
Size: 40.14 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Architecture
Languages : en
Pages : 304
View: 4173

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In the decades following World War II, modern architecture spread around the globe alongside increased modernization, urbanization, and postwar reconstruction—and it eventually won widespread acceptance. But as the limitations of conventional conceptions of modernism became apparent, modern architecture has come under increasing criticism. In this collection of essays, experienced and emerging scholars take a fresh look at postwar modern architecture by asking what it meant to be "modern," what role modern architecture played in constructing modern identities, and who sanctioned (or was sanctioned by) modernism in architecture. This volume presents focused case studies of modern architecture in three realms—political, religious, and domestic—that address our very essence as human beings. Several essays explore developments in Czechoslovakia, Romania, and Yugoslavia and document a modernist design culture that crossed political barriers, such as the Iron Curtain, more readily than previously imagined. Other essays investigate various efforts to reconcile the concerns of modernist architects with the traditions of the Roman Catholic Church and other Christian institutions. And a final group of essays looks at postwar homebuilding in the United States and demonstrates how malleable and contested the image of the American home was in the mid-twentieth century. These inquiries show the limits of canonical views of modern architecture and reveal instead how civic institutions, ecclesiastical traditions, individual consumers, and others sought to sanction the forms and ideas of modern architecture in the service of their respective claims or desires to be modern.

Adolf Loos

Adolf Loos PDF
Author: Joseph Masheck
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 085772195X
Size: 77.20 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Architecture
Languages : en
Pages : 320
View: 1182

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Widely regarded as one of the most significant prophets of modern architecture, Adolf Loos was a celebrity in his own day. His work was emblematic of the turn-of-the-century generation that was torn between the traditional culture of the nineteenth century and the innovative modernism of the twentieth. His essay 'Ornament and Crime' equated superfluous ornament and 'decorative arts' with tattooing in an attempt to tell modern Europeans that they should know better. But the negation of ornament was supposed to reveal, not negate, good style; and an incorrigible ironist has been taken too literally in denying architecture as a fine art. Without normalizing his edgy radicality, Masheck argues that Loos' masterful "astylistic architecture" was an appreciation of tradition and utility and not, as most architectural historians have argued, a mere repudiation of the florid style of the Vienna Secession. Masheck reads Loos as a witty, ironic rhetorician who has all too often been taken at face value. Far from being the anti-architect of the modern era, Masheck's Loos is 'an unruly yet integrally canonical artist-architect'. He believed in culture, comfort, intimacy and privacy and advocated the evolution of artful architecture. This is a brilliantly written revisionist reading of a perennially popular architect.

Planting New Towns In Europe In The Interwar Years

Planting New Towns in Europe in the Interwar Years PDF
Author: Helen Meller
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443896519
Size: 60.73 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Architecture
Languages : en
Pages : 225
View: 2103

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The key theme of the papers in this book concerns the prospects of building new urban environments and creating new societies in Europe during the interwar years. The contributions do not focus on the system of government – communist, fascist or democratic – but, rather, on what actually got built, by whom and why; and how the international communication of ideas was filtered through the prism of local concerns and culture. As such, the volume serves to tease out connections between urban form and social aspirations, and between the moral basis of social planning and how it was interpreted. Did the new towns of the interwar years actually create a planned society where visions met realities, aided by the design of new urban forms? This is one of the principal questions investigated by the contributors here in all the different political contexts of their chosen ‘new towns’.

Castle And Cathedral In Modern Prague

Castle and Cathedral in Modern Prague PDF
Author: Bruce R. Berglund
Publisher: Central European University Press
ISBN: 9633861578
Size: 32.71 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 388
View: 5833

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Six million people visit Prague Castle each year. Here is the story of how this ancient citadel was transformed after World War I from a neglected, run-down relic into the seat of power for independent Czechoslovakia?and the symbolic center of democratic postwar Europe. The restoration of Prague Castle was a collaboration of three remarkable figures in twentieth-century east central Europe: Tom ? Masaryk, the philosopher who became Czechoslovakia?s first president; his daughter Alice, a social worker trained in the settlement houses of Chicago who was founding director of the Czechoslovak Red Cross and her father?s trusted confidante; and the architect, Jo?e Ple?nik of Slovenia, who integrated reverence for Classical architecture into distinctly modern designs. Their shared vision saw the Castle not simply as a government building or historic landmark but as the sacred center of the new republic, even the new Europe?a place that would embody a different kind of democratic politics, rooted in the spiritual and the moral. With a biographer?s attention to detail, historian Bruce Berglund presents lively and intimate portraits of these three figures. At the same time, he also places them in the context of politics and culture in interwar Prague and the broader history of religion and secularization in modern Europe. Gracefully written and grounded in a wide array of sources, Castle and Cathedral in Modern Prague is an original and accessible study of how people at the center of Europe, in the early decades of the twentieth century, struggled with questions of morality, faith, loyalty, and skepticism.

The Oxford Handbook Of Communist Visual Cultures

The Oxford Handbook of Communist Visual Cultures PDF
Author: Aga Skrodzka
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190885548
Size: 55.94 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Performing Arts
Languages : en
Pages : 640
View: 6958

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Stereotypes often cast communism as a defunct, bankrupt ideology and a relic of the distant past. However, recent political movements like Europe's anti-austerity protests, the Arab Spring, and Occupy Wall Street suggest that communism is still very much relevant and may even hold the key to a new, idealized future. In The Oxford Handbook of Communist Visual Cultures, contributors trace the legacies of communist ideology in visual culture, from buildings and monuments, murals and sculpture, to recycling campaigns and wall newspapers, all of which work to make communism's ideas and values material. Contributors work to resist the widespread demonization of communism, demystifying its ideals and suggesting that it has visually shaped the modern world in undeniable and complex ways. Together, contributors answer curcial questions like: What can be salvaged and reused from past communist experiments? How has communism impacted the cultures of late capitalism? And how have histories of communism left behind visual traces of potential utopias? An interdisciplinary look at the cultural currency of communism today, The Oxford Handbook of Communist Visual Cultures demonstrates the value of revisiting the practices of the past to form a better vision of the future.

Gender Politics And Everyday Life In State Socialist Eastern And Central Europe

Gender Politics and Everyday Life in State Socialist Eastern and Central Europe PDF
Author: S. Penn
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230101577
Size: 20.46 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 292
View: 6318

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This book showcases extensive research on gender under state socialism, examining the subject in terms of state policy and law; sexuality and reproduction; the academy; leisure; the private sphere; the work world; opposition activism; and memory and identity.

Modern Japanese Art And The Meiji State

Modern Japanese Art and the Meiji State PDF
Author: .. Sato
Publisher: Getty Publications
ISBN: 1606060597
Size: 61.49 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Art
Languages : en
Pages : 365
View: 947

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This is an insightful and intelligent re-thinking of Japanese art history & its Western influences. This broad-ranging and profoundly influential analysis describes how Western art institutions and vocabulary were transplanted to Japan in the late nineteenth century. In the 1870-80s, artists and government administrators in Japan encountered the Western 'system of the arts' for the first time. Under pressure to exhibit and sell its artistic products abroad, Japan's new Meiji government came face-to-face with the need to create European-style art schools and museums - and even to establish Japanese words for art, painting, artist, and sculpture. "Modern Japanese Art" is a full re-conceptualization of the field of Japanese art history, exposing the politics through which the words, categories, and values that structure our understanding of the field came to be while revealing the historicity of Western and non-Western art history.

When Buildings Speak

When Buildings Speak PDF
Author: Anthony Alofsin
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226015076
Size: 64.60 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Architecture
Languages : en
Pages : 326
View: 1178

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The canonical inventors of International Style have long dominated studies of modern European architecture. But in this text, Anthony Alofsin broadens this scope by exploring the rich yet overlooked architecture of the late Austro-Hungarian Empire and its successor states.

Architectural Theory Of Modernism

Architectural Theory of Modernism PDF
Author: Ute Poerschke
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131724561X
Size: 75.20 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Architecture
Languages : en
Pages : 242
View: 4683

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Architectural Theory of Modernism presents an overview of the discourse on function-form concepts from the beginnings, in the eighteenth century, to its peak in High Modernism. Functionalist thinking and its postmodern criticism during the second half of the twentieth century is explored, as well as today's functionalism in the context of systems theory, sustainability, digital design, and the information society. The book covers, among others, the theories of Carlo Lodoli, Gottfried Semper, Eugène-Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc, Louis Sullivan, Frank Lloyd Wright, Hannes Meyer, Adolf Behne, CIAM, Jane Jacobs, Robert Venturi and Denise Scott Brown, Charles Jencks, William Mitchell, and Manuel Castells.

Art And Identity At The Water S Edge

Art and Identity at the Water s Edge PDF
Author: Tricia Cusack
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351575740
Size: 22.62 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Art
Languages : en
Pages : 270
View: 5106

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The water's edge, whether shore or riverbank, is a marginal territory that becomes invested with layers of meaning. The essays in this collection present intriguing perspectives on how the water's edge has been imagined and represented in different places at various times and how this process contributed to the formation of social identities. Art and Identity at the Water's Edge focuses upon national coastlines and maritime heritage; on rivers and seashore as regions of liminality and sites of conflicting identities; and on the edge as a tourist setting. Such themes are related to diverse forms of art, including painting, architecture, maps, photography, and film. Topics range from the South African seaside resort of Durban to the French Riviera. The essays explore successive ideological mappings of the Jordan River, and how Czech cubist architecture and painting shaped a new nationalist reading of the Vltava riverbanks. They examine post-Hurricane Katrina New Orleans as a filmic spectacle that questions assumptions about American identity, and the coast depicted as a site of patriotism in nineteenth-century British painting. The collection demonstrates how waterside structures such as maritime museums and lighthouses, and visual images of the water's edge, have contributed to the construction of cultural and national identities.