Toxics Watch 1995

Toxics Watch 1995 PDF
Author: INFORM, Inc
Publisher: I N F O R M, Incorporated
ISBN: 9780918780645
Size: 23.38 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Environmental justice
Languages : en
Pages : 522
View: 1713

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What do we know--& what DON'T we know--about the prevalence of toxic substances in household air, in products we use everyday, in our environment? What companies produce the most toxics nationwide? The most carcinogens & ozone depleters? What facts on chemical use are made unavailable by business confidentiality claims or mere changes in reporting methods? Are government programs & voluntary industry initiatives to promote pollution prevention working? This major resource combines the scope of the USEPA's discontinued TOXICS IN THE COMMUNITY & NATIONAL POLLUTION PREVENTION REPORTS, covering the full range of data on toxics in the environment, in products & in waste. It offers the most comprehensive analysis available in federal toxics databases--including the Toxics Release Inventory, Toxic Substances Control Act, Resource Conservation & Recovery Act, Superfund, & more--covering traffic in toxics between facilities & across state lines; areas of the US with the greatest generation on toxic wastes; key sources of toxic contamination; & environmental justice. TOXICS WATCH 1995 is the first in a series of major reports that will help citizens assess the problems & risks posed by the productions & use of toxic chemicals in manufacturing & in consumer goods. From the influential environmental group INFORM. To order contact: INFORM, 120 Wall St., 16th Floor, New York, NY 10005. Tel. (212) 361-2400. FAX (212) 361- 2412.

Our Toxic World

Our Toxic World PDF
Author: Toxics Link,
Publisher: SAGE Publications India
ISBN: 8132105346
Size: 78.62 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 180
View: 1389

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The mode of development that the world-and India-has followed has led to a situation where we are surrounded by numerous hazardous substances in our everyday lives, which affect the health of people, of other living creatures, and of the planet as a whole. Our Toxic World is an effort to shine a keen light on these substances, and suggest alternatives that will allow readers to improve the physical quality of their lives and of their environment. Our Toxic World takes a series of peeks into the lives of the fictitious Sachdeva family and the people they come in contact with, examines the hazardous substances that affect us in our everyday lives, outlines the effect these materials can have on us, and suggests alternative routes that we can adopt.

Irischemical Information Database

IRISChemical Information Database PDF
Author: Lawrence H. Keith
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780873718042
Size: 16.14 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 157
View: 981

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The Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) is the EPA's most comprehensive database for hazardous environmental chemicals. Updated quarterly, it covers five major subject categories: Chronic health hazard assessment for noncarcinogenic effects Carcinogenicity assessment for lifetime exposure Health hazard assessments for varied exposure durations U.S. EPA regulatory actions Supplementary data, references, and synonyms IRIS (Integrated Risk Information System) Features: Our version of the IRIS database is available at a significant savings over the government's version and features powerful searching capabilities, printing and exporting features, and automatic installation... Data for this package is compiled into a series of alphabetized searchable files that comes complete with a menu-driven search program to make finding information quick and painless. The database also features an automatic installation program and can generate reports as printed copies or electronic files ready for import into a word processor. Load as much or as little of the information you need from the database for fast results on your personal computer. When your IRIS quarterly updates arrive, simply load the new disks on your computer and the latest version of the complete IRIS database is at your fingertips. Even better, our version of the IRIS database is available at a significant savings over the government's version, and features powerful searching capabilities, printing and exporting features, and automatic installation. The most comprehensive data available for hazardous substances... IRIS (Integrated Risk Information System) features comprehensive information for about 500 hazardous regulated and unregulated substances. This number increases every three months with the addition of new files and revisions to existing information. Unlike other databases that provide summaries or abbreviated data, IRIS gives you extensive textual and numeric information complete with EPA contacts and full references. IRIS is the database to use to obtain the critical toxicity, regulatory, risk assessment, medical, chemical and physical property data you'll need for risk evaluations, regulatory decisions, and other uses. And with its quarterly updates, your information never grows old. Chronic health hazard assessments include reference doses for chronic oral exposure and inhalation exposure. Carcinogenicity assessment data includes evidence for classification as to human carcinogenicity; quantitative estimates of carcinogenic risk from oral exposure and inhalation exposure; and EPA documentation, review, and contacts. Health hazards assessments provide information from EPA's Drinking Water Health Advisories (including health advisories for children and adults, organoleptic properties, taste and odor, analytical methods for detection in drinking water, water treatment, documentation and EPA contacts). What Does IRIS Provide? Complete U.S. EPA regulatory action data is presented for: Clean Air Act (including NAAQS, NESHAP, and NSPS) Safe Drinking Water Act (including MCLGs, MCLs, and SMCLs) Clean Water Act Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) (including Appendix 9) Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) (including Superfund data) Reportable quantity data for the release of substances into the environment IRIS's supplementary data includes important information such as: Acute health hazard information (e.g., toxicity, medical conditions) Physical and chemical properties (e.g., formula, vapor pressure, flash point) References and synonyms IRIS Chemical Information Database is one of the most important reference sources available for toxicologists, chemists, chemical engineers, ecologists, environmental scientists, regulators, industrial hygienists, occupational physicians, government administrators, emergency response personnel, hazardous material response teams, lawyers, union representatives, insurance companies, commercial realtors and lending institutions, property pre-acquisition auditors, analytical laboratories, and libraries. System Requirements: To use the IRIS Chemical Information Database, you need IBM® or IBM-compatible equipment with 640K RAM and a hard drive with 2 to 15MB of available disk space (depending on the number of disks you load). DOS 2.0 or higher is also required. Diskettes can be ordered in either 5.25" or 3.5" formats. The IRIS Chemical Information Database is an annual subscription product updated on a quarterly basis. A user's manual is included in the subscription price. Each update will be automatically sent to you unless you cancel your subscription. Because each update replaces the previous version of the IRIS database, you can be sure that you will receive the most current version, including searching, printing, and installation capabilities, regardless of what time of year you initially subscribe. Subscription renewal information for 1993 will automatically be sent to current subscribers.

Toxics A To Z

Toxics A to Z PDF
Author: John Harte
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520072243
Size: 64.15 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Health & Fitness
Languages : en
Pages : 479
View: 6333

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Relates general information on the hazards of toxic materials in the environment and lists facts about more than one hundred individual toxics

Chemicals In European Waters

Chemicals in European Waters PDF
Author: Caroline Whalley
ISBN: 9789294800060
Size: 69.30 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 76
View: 2307

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European Union (EU) and international policies have been tackling water and environmental pollution for nearly 50 years. Gross chemical pollution, exemplified by 'dead rivers', has been successfully addressed in many cases. However, in its recent report European waters — Assessment of status and pressures 2018, which was based on data from Member States on the implementation of the Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC) (WFD), the European Environment Agency (EEA) found that only 38 % of EU surface water bodies are in good chemical status. 46 % are failing to achieve good chemical status and 16 % are in unknown chemical status (EEA, 2018a). Chemical status of surface waters under the WFD is assessed against a relatively short list of historically important pollutants. The concentration of a substance in the water is compared with an environmental quality standard (EQS) set for a single substance. This approach has been used for many years and fits well with regulations seeking to control chemicals at source. Most failures in the chemical status of surface waters can be attributed to three groups of substances, all of which are persistent and widely distributed: mercury and its compounds, PAHs (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) and pBDEs (polybrominated diphenylethers). Through an analysis of the monitoring and emissions data reported by countries, specific actions can be determined that target these priority substances. Action should be taken to reduce all emissions of these substances, in particular, atmospheric emissions. We need to improve understanding of the pathways taken by pBDEs and the pressures causing PAHs to pollute surface waters. Monitoring under the WFD provides important feedback on the effectiveness of chemical source control. However, our understanding of the complex interactions between chemicals and living organisms has greatly increased over the last 20 years. At concentrations lower than those that kill directly, harmful chemicals may exert more subtle effects on organisms, for example by limiting the organism's ability to reproduce. Concern has been raised about the 'cocktail effect', whereby mixtures of substances that may individually be present at harmless concentrations may combine in complicated ways to affect health. New approaches have been developed to measure these effects in effluents and the environment, and these offer ways to assess the potential risks presented by mixtures while still providing information on the types of chemicals causing these risks. This causal information is important for the implementation of effective measures against pollution. From the reported data, we can see that for a number of priority substances, measures seem to have been effective in preventing the entry of these chemicals into surface waters. This success should be welcomed and we should learn the lessons around which approaches work and which do not. However, there are many more chemicals in the environment about which we know little. The challenge presented by chemical mixtures highlights the need to fundamentally review which chemicals we use and how we use them. For the longer term, moving to a less toxic, safer and more sustainable future requires the development of approaches that avoid the use of hazardous substances. Emissions data on pollutants as reported in Europe (for the WFD, the European Pollutant Release and Transfer Register (E-PRTR) or the reporting of the Water Information System for Europe — State of the Environment (WISE-SoE)) can give an important overview on emissions, the impact of measures and trends. However, such data are incomplete and inconsistent and too often exclude diffuse sources. Improvements to our understanding of emissions could be achieved by streamlining of emissions reporting requirements, towards securing robust data satisfying all European emissions to water reporting requirements, and improving the monitoring, modelling and reporting of diffuse sources, to ensure that pressures are correctly understood and measures can be appropriately targeted.

Chemicals Without Harm

Chemicals without Harm PDF
Author: Ken Geiser
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262327023
Size: 49.24 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 456
View: 289

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A proposal for a new chemicals strategy: that we work to develop safer alternatives to hazardous chemicals rather than focusing exclusively on controlling them. Today, there are thousands of synthetic chemicals used to make our clothing, cosmetics, household products, electronic devices, even our children's toys. Many of these chemicals help us live longer and more comfortable lives, but some of these highly useful chemicals are also persistent, toxic, and dangerous to our health and the environment. For fifty years, the conventional approach to hazardous chemicals has focused on regulation, barriers, and protection. In Chemicals without Harm, Ken Geiser proposes a different strategy, based on developing and adopting safer alternatives to hazardous chemicals rather than focusing exclusively on controlling them. Geiser reviews past government policies focused on controlling chemicals, describes government initiatives outside the United States that have begun to implement a more sustainable chemical policy, and offers an overview of the chemicals industry and market. He develops a safer chemicals policy framework that includes processes for characterizing, classifying, and prioritizing chemicals; generating and using new chemical information; and promoting transitions to safer chemicals. The shift in strategy described by Geiser will require broad changes in science, the chemicals economy, and government policy. Geiser shows that it is already beginning, identifying an emerging movement of scientists, corporate managers, environmental activists, and government leaders who are fashioning a new, twenty-first-century approach to chemicals.

In Situ Evaluation Of Biological Hazards Of Environmental Pollutants

In Situ Evaluation of Biological Hazards of Environmental Pollutants PDF
Author: Shabeg S. Sandhu
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781468458107
Size: 52.70 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 290
View: 2505

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The study of the relationship between environmental pollution and human health is in its infancy. The number of substances and mixtures that have been identified in uncontrolled hazardous waste sites or that have been in advertently released into the environment is large and data on how thes~ substances are modified as they interact with one another as they migrate through soil, air, and water are limited. There are also limits on our un derstanding of how these substances may be ingested, inhaled, or absorbed by people. The complexity of possible interactions between biological, chemical, and physical components in a given environment makes it virtually impossible to evaluate the potential for adverse biological effects ade quately in the laboratory. Other, more comprehensive methods which provide realistic and interpretable results must be used. Many scientists believe that humans represent the ultimate sentinel species of a toxic exposure re sUlting from environmental pollution, however such exposures may also se verely impact environmental health. There exists a wide variety of organ isms in the natural environment that could be used to provide an early warning for potential human health effects as well as to indicate adverse ecological effects. The issue of effective utilization of sentinel species for environment al monitoring is a rapidly developing area of research which has grown in importance during the last decade.

Unep Year Book 2010

UNEP Year Book 2010 PDF
Author: Unep
Publisher: UNEP/Earthprint
ISBN: 9789280730449
Size: 29.21 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 66
View: 6221

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The UNEP Year Book 2010 is essential, informative and authoritative reading and reports on new environmental science plus recent developments in our changing environment. It looks at progress in environmental governance: the effects of continuing degradation and loss of the world's ecosystems; impacts of climate change; how harmful substances and hazardous waste effect human health and the environment; environmentally related disasters and conflicts; and unsustainable use of resources. Water is a recurrent theme in this seventh edition. Each chapter considers water-related environmental changes, together with a number of challenges and opportunites.

Calculated Risks

Calculated Risks PDF
Author: Joseph V. Rodricks
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521423311
Size: 11.29 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 4791

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Public concern regarding environmental pollution and chemicals present in foods, consumer products, and the work place are at an all time high. Whilst there is widespread awareness, confusion still reigns, aggravated by conflicting reports concerning carcinogens in food and drinking water, or about chemicals present in medicines and household products that may cause birth defects. The effort to understand how these pollutants and chemical products may harm human health is led by scientists in the disciplines of toxicology, epidemiology and risk assessment. The central purpose of this book is to describe how scientists come to understand the toxic properties of such chemicals and the health risks they may pose. Rather than attempting to expose governmental and corporate ignorance, negligence or corruption, this book explores the underlying scientific issues. It presents a practical and balanced clarification of the scientific basis for our concerns and uncertainties. It should serve to refocus the debate.