Youth And Employment In Sub Saharan Africa

Youth and Employment in Sub Saharan Africa PDF
Author: Hiroyuki Hino
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135127913
Size: 39.40 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 410
View: 1961

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It is widely acknowledged that youth unemployment is one of the most critical challenges facing countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. This volume brings together an eminent group of international scholars to analyse the extent and complex nature of this joblessness, and offer a set of evidence-based policy choices that could contribute to solving the problem in the short- and long-run. Part I reviews the existing literature on youth unemployment and underemployment in Sub-Saharan Africa from microeconomic and macroeconomic perspectives, while Part II goes on to present detailed country studies of Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya and South Africa. These studies offer a deep understanding of the situation on the ground and consider country-specific solutions. Throughout the book it is argued that the standard ILO definition of unemployment is too narrow to correctly portray employment situations in Sub-Saharan Africa. Several alternative measures of unemployment are presented, which show that joblessness is far more pervasive than commonly assumed in the literature. This volume will be of interest to academics and policy makers involved in African development.

Youth Employment In Sub Saharan Africa

Youth Employment in Sub Saharan Africa PDF
Author: Deon Filmer
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464801088
Size: 75.78 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 280
View: 5434

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This book focuses on how to improve the quality of jobs and meet the aspirations of youth in Sub-Saharan Africa. It finds that a strong foundation for human capital development can be key to boosting earnings, arguing for a balanced approach that builds skills and demand for labor.

Youth And Employment In Sub Saharan Africa

Youth and Employment in Sub Saharan Africa PDF
Author: Hiroyuki Hino
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135127840
Size: 23.19 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 410
View: 5048

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It is widely acknowledged that youth unemployment is one of the most critical challenges facing countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. This volume brings together an eminent group of international scholars to analyse the extent and complex nature of this joblessness, and offer a set of evidence-based policy choices that could contribute to solving the problem in the short- and long-run. Part I reviews the existing literature on youth unemployment and underemployment in Sub-Saharan Africa from microeconomic and macroeconomic perspectives, while Part II goes on to present detailed country studies of Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya and South Africa. These studies offer a deep understanding of the situation on the ground and consider country-specific solutions. Throughout the book it is argued that the standard ILO definition of unemployment is too narrow to correctly portray employment situations in Sub-Saharan Africa. Several alternative measures of unemployment are presented, which show that joblessness is far more pervasive than commonly assumed in the literature. This volume will be of interest to academics and policy makers involved in African development.

Youth In Africa S Labor Market

Youth in Africa s Labor Market PDF
Author: Marito H. Garcia
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821368855
Size: 24.14 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 326
View: 7162

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The authors examine the challenges facing Africa's youth in their transition from school to working life, and propose a policy framework for meeting these challenges. Topics covered include the effect of education on employment and income, broadening employment opportunities, and enhancing youth capabilities. The book includes a CD-ROM of case studies of four countries and household data on 13 countries.

The Skills Balancing Act In Sub Saharan Africa

The Skills Balancing Act in Sub Saharan Africa PDF
Author: Omar Arias
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464813507
Size: 59.53 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 378
View: 3176

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Despite strong recent economic growth, Sub-Saharan Africa has levels of economic transformation, poverty reduction, and skill development far below those of other regions. Smart investments in developing skills—aligned with the policy goals of productivity growth, inclusion, and adaptability—can help to accelerate the region’s economic transformation in the 21st century. Sub-Saharan Africa’s growing working-age population presents a major opportunity to increase shared prosperity. Countries in the region have invested heavily in building skills; public expenditure on education increased sevenfold over the past 30 years, and more children are in school today than ever before. Yet, systems for building skills in this population have fallen short, and these shortcomings significantly impede economic prospects. In half of the countries, fewer than two in every three children complete primary school; even fewer reach and complete higher levels of education. Learning outcomes have been persistently poor, leading to substantial gaps in basic cognitive skills—literacy and numeracy—among children, young people, and adults. The literacy rate of the adult population is below 50 percent in many countries; functional literacy and numeracy rates are even lower. Systemwide change is required to achieve significant progress. Multiple agencies at the central and local levels are involved in skills development strategies, making skills “everyone’s problem but no one’s responsibility.†? Policies and reforms need to build capacity for evidence-based policies and create incentives to align the behaviors of all stakeholders with the pursuit of national skills development goals. The Skills Balancing Act in Sub-Saharan Africa: Investing in Skills for Productivity, Inclusivity, and Adaptability lays out evidence to inform the policy choices that countries will make in skill investments. Each chapter addresses a set of specific questions, drawing on original analysis and synthesis of existing studies to explore key areas: • How the skills appropriate to each stage of the life cycle are acquired and what market and institutional failures affect skills formation • What systems are needed for individuals to access these skills, including family investments, private sector institutions, schools, and other public programs • How those systems can be strengthened • How the most vulnerable individuals—those who fall outside the standard systems and have missed critical building blocks in skills acquisition—can be supported. Countries will face trade-offs—often stark ones—that will have distributional impacts and a bearing on their development path. Committed leaders, reform coalitions, and well-coordinated policies are essential for taking on the skills balancing act in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Women S Opportunities And Challenges In Sub Saharan African Job Markets

Women   s Opportunities and Challenges in Sub Saharan African Job Markets PDF
Author: Ms.Christine Dieterich
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1475540779
Size: 23.13 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 28
View: 5438

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As labor market data is scarce in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), this paper uses household survey data to analyze the determinants of the gender gap in the labor market and its welfare implications for five SSA countries in multinomial logit models with propensity score matching method. The analysis confirms that education opens up opportunities for women to escape agricultural feminization and engage in formal wage employment, but these opportunities diminish when women marry—a disadvantage increasingly relevant when countries develop and urbanization progresses. Opening a household enterprise offers women an alternative avenue to escape low-paid jobs in agriculture, but the increase in per capita income is lower than male-owned household enterprises. These findings underline that improving women’s education needs to be supported by measures to allow married women to keep their jobs in the wage sector.

Young Entrepreneurs In Sub Saharan Africa

Young Entrepreneurs in Sub Saharan Africa PDF
Author: Katherine V. Gough
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131754837X
Size: 22.13 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 272
View: 5820

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Young people in sub-Saharan Africa are growing up in rapidly changing social and economic environments which produce high levels of un- and underemployment. Job creation through entrepreneurship is currently being promoted by international organizations, governments and NGOs as a key solution, despite there being a dearth of knowledge about youth entrepreneurship in an African context. This book makes an important contribution by exploring the nature of youth entrepreneurship in Ghana, Uganda and Zambia. It provides new insights into conceptual and methodological discussions of youth entrepreneurship as well as presenting original empirical data. Drawing on quantitative and qualitative research, conducted under the auspices of a collaborative, interdisciplinary and comparative research project, it highlights the opportunities and challenges young people face in setting up and running businesses. Divided into a number of clear sections, each with its own introduction and conclusion, the book considers the nature of youth entrepreneurship at the national level, in both urban and rural areas, in specific sectors - including mobile telephony, mining, handicrafts and tourism - and analyses how key factors, such as microfinance, social capital and entrepreneurship education, affect youth entrepreneurship. New light is shed on the multi-faceted nature of youth entrepreneurship and a convincing case is presented for a more nuanced understanding of the term entrepreneurship and the situation faced by many African youth today. This book will be of interest to a wide range of scholars interested in youth entrepreneurship, including in development studies, business studies, youth studies and geography, as well as to development practitioners and policy makers. The Open Access title has now been added to the Open Access page. http://www.tandfebooks.com/page/openaccess

Labor Market Reform Options To Boost Employment In South Africa

Labor Market Reform Options to Boost Employment in South Africa PDF
Author: Mr. Romain A Duval
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1513584472
Size: 52.18 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 38
View: 2170

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Raising South Africa’s low employment rate to levels seen in emerging market or advanced economy peers could raise GDP per capita by 50 to 60 percent and reduce income inequality dramatically in the long term. By putting further strain on an already fragile labor market, Covid-19 has raised the urgency of action. This paper reviews labor market policy and other reform options to enhance South Africa’s job market performance, drawing from international evidence and new analysis. We find much scope for improving the design of key labor market institutions—including collective bargaining and employment protection legislation—and active labor market policies to improve job seekers’ prospects. These reforms should come hand-in-hand with others, such as in the areas of education or product market regulation, that may work pay. Labor market and other reforms would primarily benefit disadvantaged groups such as youth.

African Economic Outlook 2012 Promoting Youth Employment

African Economic Outlook 2012 Promoting Youth Employment PDF
Author: African Development Bank
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 926417611X
Size: 60.58 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 292
View: 4285

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This 11th edition of the African Economic Outlook provides coverage of all African countries except Somalia. This edition's focus concerns the promotion of youth employment in Africa.

Africa S Pulse No 20 October 2019

Africa s Pulse  No  20  October 2019 PDF
Author: Cesar Calderon
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464815097
Size: 19.45 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 106
View: 4101

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Growth in sub-Saharan Africa has slightly recovered in 2019 (2.6 percent) from 2.5 percent in 2018. Economic recovery continues at a sluggish pace with growth in the region expected to pick up to 3 .1 percent in 2020 and 3 .2 percent in 2021. Accelerating poverty reduction in Africa requires action in four policy areas: fertility reduction, leveraging the food system on and off the farm, addressing risk and conflict, and providing more public financing to the poverty reduction agenda. Sustaining growth and eradicating poverty calls for policy solutions to empower African women in the following dimensions: building the right skills, relieving capital constraints, securing land rights, connecting women to labor, addressing social norms that limit women's economic opportunities, and boosting the capacity of the next generation.

The Impact Of Quality Foundational Skills On Youth Employment In Africa Does Institutional Quality Matter

The impact of quality foundational skills on youth employment in Africa  Does institutional quality matter  PDF
Author: Olagunju, Kehinde O.
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
ISBN:
Size: 39.53 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 38
View: 2248

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Despite impressive progress in the economic performance of many African countries in recent years, youth unemployment remains one of the continent’s main socioeconomic and political problems. This study employs panel data covering 49 African countries for the period 2000–2017 to provide the first attempt to explicitly examine the dynamic relationship between quality foundational skills, measured by basic education quality (teacher-pupil ratio), and youth unemployment, while considering the conditional role of institutional capacity, measured by control of corruption, regulatory quality, and financial development. The empirical estimation in this paper is based on a two-step system generalized method of moments (SGMM), in order to control for unobserved heterogeneity and potential endogeneity of all the explanatory variables. The following are the main findings: First, youth unemployment is persistent in Africa. Second, quality of basic education exerts a negative impact on youth unemployment. Third, greater control of corruption, improved regulatory quality, and better structured financial sectors strengthen the effect of quality basic education in reducing youth unemployment. These findings provide a clear policy pathway for reducting youth unemployment. In particular, we recommend that better quality basic education, a well-structured financial structure, and institutional quality should constitute a fundamental component of the policy mix to reduce youth unemployment in Africa.

At The Intersection Of Gender And Generation

At the intersection of gender and generation PDF
Author: Clendenning, J.
Publisher: CIFOR
ISBN:
Size: 39.68 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 12
View: 5148

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The purpose of this brief is to identify the critical issues concerning young people in rural areas that hold significance for FTA's ability to achieve impact at this time of rapid rural transformation; the key questions concerning youth that matter for F

Reaching The Marginalized

Reaching the Marginalized PDF
Author:
Publisher: UNESCO
ISBN: 9231041290
Size: 57.94 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 510
View: 4792

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Children at risk of marginalization in education are found in all societies. At first glance, The lives of these children may appear poles apart. The daily experiences of slum dwellers in Kenya, ethnic minority children in Viet Nam and a Roma child in Hungary are very different. What they have in common are missed opportunities to develop their potential, realize their hopes and build a better future through education.A decade has passed since world leaders adopted the Education for All goals. While progress has been made, millions of children are still missing out on their right to education. Reaching the marginalized identifies some of the root causes of disadvantage, both within education and beyond, and provides examples of targeted policies and practices that successfully combat exclusion. Set against the backdrop of the global economic crisis, The Report calls for a renewed financing commitment by aid donors and recipient governments alike to meet the Education for All goals by 2015.This is the eighth edition of the annual EFA Global Monitoring Report. The Report includes statistical indicators on all levels of education in more than 200 countries and territories.

Measuring Youth Quality Of Life In Sub Saharan Africa

Measuring Youth Quality of Life in Sub Saharan Africa PDF
Author: Dabesaki Mac-Ikemenjima
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3030142418
Size: 17.28 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 107
View: 7301

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This book explores the conceptualisation and measurement of youth quality of life in sub-Saharan Africa. Further, it addresses methodological questions relevant to the development of measures and gaining an understanding of youth quality of life in this region. Drawing on the data collected, it subsequently explores students’ primary goals and their satisfaction with the extent of having achieved those goals. Accordingly, the book fills an important gap in the available literature on youth quality of life, and advances the role of qualitative methods in developing youth quality of life measures in sub-Saharan Africa.

The Crisis Of Global Youth Unemployment

The Crisis of Global Youth Unemployment PDF
Author: Tamar Mayer
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351247638
Size: 45.74 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 208
View: 7094

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Since the economic and financial crisis of 2008, the proportion of unemployed young people has exceeded any other group of unemployed adults. This phenomenon marks the emergence of a laborscape. This concept recognizes that, although youth unemployment is not consistent across the world, it is a coherent problem in the global political economy. This book examines this crisis of youth unemployment, drawing on international case studies. It is organized around four key dimensions of the crisis: precarity, flexibility, migration, and policy responses. With contributions from leading experts in the field, the chapters offer a dynamic portrait of unemployment and how this is being challenged through new modes of resistance. This book provides cross-national comparisons, both ethnographic and quantitative, to explore the contours of this laborscape on the global, national, and local scales. Throughout these varied case studies is a common narrative from young workers, families, students, volunteers, and activists facing a new and growing problem. This book will be an imperative resource for students and researchers looking at the sociology of globalization, global political economy, labor markets, and economic geography.