PDF Search: from trust to trustworthiness

From Trust To Trustworthiness

From Trust to Trustworthiness PDF
Author: Maria Baghramian
Publisher: Routledge
Release Date: 2020-05-21
Book Size: 16.85 MB
Book Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : un
Pages : 172
View: 6874

Get Book

From Trust To Trustworthiness

by Maria Baghramian, From Trust To Trustworthiness Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download From Trust To Trustworthiness book, Trust is an essential component of social life and yet political polarization and social tensions can easily lead to its erosion. The articles collected in this volume throw a new light on the fundamentals of trust and trustworthiness and thus help us understand better the conditions and the limits of trust. The book brings together some of the best recent thinking on trust from across a broad spectrum of approaches and concerns. The essays range from the more abstract discussions of the conditions and nature of trust, to its application to our social and political lives in general, alongside more subject specific approaches such as trust in the media. Trust is a thick concept with both epistemic and normative content and significance, and several chapters engage with the ethical features of trust in distinct ways and also show the central role of trust in our decision-making. There is also an engagement with the phenomenological approach of Husserl in conjunction with Margaret Gilbert’s theory of political obligation. The final chapter, by Onora O’Neill, one of the pioneers of the discussions of trust and trustworthiness in recent philosophy, links the topic of trust to the central issue of the conditions of trustworthiness. Given the paramount significance of the exercise of trust in our daily lives, this book will be of interest to philosophers and non-philosophers alike. This book was originally published as a special issue of the International Journal of Philosophical Studies.



Trust In Society

Trust in Society PDF
Author: Karen Cook
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
Release Date: 2001-01-11
Book Size: 20.89 MB
Book Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 432
View: 7230

Get Book

Trust In Society

by Karen Cook, Trust In Society Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download Trust In Society book, Trust plays a pervasive role in social affairs, even sustaining acts of cooperation among strangers who have no control over each other's actions. But the full importance of trust is rarely acknowledged until it begins to break down, threatening the stability of social relationships once taken for granted. Trust in Society uses the tools of experimental psychology, sociology, political science, and economics to shed light on the many functions trust performs in social and political life. The authors discuss different ways of conceptualizing trust and investigate the empirical effects of trust in a variety of social settings, from the local and personal to the national and institutional. Drawing on experimental findings, this book examines how people decide whom to trust, and how a person proves his own trustworthiness to others. Placing trust in a person can be seen as a strategic act, a moral response, or even an expression of social solidarity. People often assume that strangers are trustworthy on the basis of crude social affinities, such as a shared race, religion, or hometown. Likewise, new immigrants are often able to draw heavily upon the trust of prior arrivals—frequently kin—to obtain work and start-up capital. Trust in Society explains how trust is fostered among members of voluntary associations—such as soccer clubs, choirs, and church groups—and asks whether this trust spills over into other civic activities of wider benefit to society. The book also scrutinizes the relationship between trust and formal regulatory institutions, such as the law, that either substitute for trust when it is absent, or protect people from the worst consequences of trust when it is misplaced. Moreover, psychological research reveals how compliance with the law depends more on public trust in the motives of the police and courts than on fear of punishment. The contributors to this volume demonstrate the growing analytical sophistication of trust research and its wide-ranging explanatory power. In the interests of analytical rigor, the social sciences all too often assume that people act as atomistic individuals without regard to the interests of others. Trust in Society demonstrates how we can think rigorously and analytically about the many aspects of social life that cannot be explained in those terms. A Volume in the Russell Sage Foundation Series on Trust/



Trust And Trustworthiness

Trust and Trustworthiness PDF
Author: Russell Hardin
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
Release Date: 2002-03-21
Book Size: 62.75 MB
Book Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : un
Pages : 256
View: 2645

Get Book

Trust And Trustworthiness

by Russell Hardin, Trust And Trustworthiness Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download Trust And Trustworthiness book, What does it mean to "trust?" What makes us feel secure enough to place our confidence—even at times our welfare—in the hands of other people? Is it possible to "trust" an institution? What exactly do people mean when they claim to "distrust" their governments? As difficult as it may be to define, trust is essential to the formation and maintenance of a civil society. In Trust and Trustworthiness political scientist Russell Hardin addresses the standard theories of trust and articulates his own new and compelling idea: that much of what we call trust can be best described as "encapsulated interest." Research into the roles of trust in our society has offered a broad range of often conflicting theories. Some theorists maintain that trust is a social virtue that cannot be reduced to strategic self-interest; others claim that trusting another person is ultimately a rational calculation based on information about that person and his or her incentives and motivations. Hardin argues that we place our trust in persons whom we believe to have strong reasons to act in our best interests. He claims that we are correct when we assume that the main incentive of those whom we trust is to maintain a relationship with us—whether it be for reasons of economic benefit or for love and friendship. Hardin articulates his theory using examples from a broad array of personal and social relationships, paying particular attention to explanations of the development of trusting relationships. He also examines trustworthiness and seeks to understand why people may behave in ways that violate their own self-interest in order to honor commitments they have made to others. The book also draws important distinctions between vernacular uses of "trust" and "trustworthiness," contrasting, for example, the type of trust (or distrust) we place in individuals with the trust we place in institutions Trust and Trustworthiness represents the culmination of important new research into the roles of trust in our society; it offers a challenging new voice in the current discourse about the origins of cooperative behavior and its consequences for social and civic life. A Volume in the Russell Sage Foundation Series on Trust



Cooperation Without Trust

Cooperation Without Trust  PDF
Author: Karen S. Cook
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
Release Date: 2005-06-30
Book Size: 21.44 MB
Book Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : un
Pages : 272
View: 1203

Get Book

Cooperation Without Trust

by Karen S. Cook, Cooperation Without Trust Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download Cooperation Without Trust book, Some social theorists claim that trust is necessary for the smooth functioning of a democratic society. Yet many recent surveys suggest that trust is on the wane in the United States. Does this foreshadow trouble for the nation? In Cooperation Without Trust? Karen Cook, Russell Hardin, and Margaret Levi argue that a society can function well in the absence of trust. Though trust is a useful element in many kinds of relationships, they contend that mutually beneficial cooperative relationships can take place without it. Cooperation Without Trust? employs a wide range of examples illustrating how parties use mechanisms other than trust to secure cooperation. Concerns about one's reputation, for example, could keep a person in a small community from breaching agreements. State enforcement of contracts ensures that business partners need not trust one another in order to trade. Similarly, monitoring worker behavior permits an employer to vest great responsibility in an employee without necessarily trusting that person. Cook, Hardin, and Levi discuss other mechanisms for facilitating cooperation absent trust, such as the self-regulation of professional societies, management compensation schemes, and social capital networks. In fact, the authors argue that a lack of trust—or even outright distrust—may in many circumstances be more beneficial in creating cooperation. Lack of trust motivates people to reduce risks and establish institutions that promote cooperation. A stout distrust of government prompted America's founding fathers to establish a system in which leaders are highly accountable to their constituents, and in which checks and balances keep the behavior of government officials in line with the public will. Such institutional mechanisms are generally more dependable in securing cooperation than simple faith in the trustworthiness of others. Cooperation Without Trust? suggests that trust may be a complement to governing institutions, not a substitute for them. Whether or not the decline in trust documented by social surveys actually indicates an erosion of trust in everyday situations, this book argues that society is not in peril. Even if we were a less trusting society, that would not mean we are a less functional one. A Volume in the Russell Sage Foundation Series on Trust



Development And Automatic Monitoring Of Trust Aware Service Based Software

Development and Automatic Monitoring of Trust aware Service based Software PDF
Author: Mohammad Gias Uddin
Publisher:
Release Date: 2008
Book Size: 74.13 MB
Book Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category :
Languages : un
Pages : 328
View: 507

Get Book

Development And Automatic Monitoring Of Trust Aware Service Based Software

by Mohammad Gias Uddin, Development And Automatic Monitoring Of Trust Aware Service Based Software Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download Development And Automatic Monitoring Of Trust Aware Service Based Software book, Service-based software can be exploited by potentially untrustworthy service requestors while providing services. Given that, it is important to identify, analyze the trust relationships between service providers and requestors, and incorporate them into the service-based software. Treating trust as a nonfunctional requirement (NFR) during software development and monitoring allows clarifying these relationships and measuring the trustworthiness of service requestors. This analysis is facilitated by incorporating trust scenarios and trust models into the software. A trust scenario describes a trust relationship between interested parties based on a specific context. A trust model provides trust equations to measure the trustworthiness of service requestors based on the analysis of service-based interactions. Although much research has been devoted to monitor service quality, to date, no approach has been proposed to develop and automatically monitor service providing software from trust perspectives. In this thesis, we propose a trust-aware service-based software development framework which utilizes our proposed Unified Modeling Language (UML) extension called UMLtrust (UML for trust scenarios)to specify the trust scenarios of a service provider and incorporates our developed trust model called CAT (Context-Aware Trust) into the software to calculate the trustworthiness of service requestors. The trust scenarios are converted to trust rules to monitor service-based interactions. A service requestor is penalized for the violation of a trust rule and rewarded when no rule is violated. The trustworthiness of the requestor is then calculated (using the equations of CAT) based on the current request, outcomes of previous requests, and recommendations from other service providers. A trust-based service granting algorithm is presented to decide whether a service requestor should be granted the requested service. A trust monitoring architecture is presented which is assumed to reside in each service provider. The monitor uses trust rules from UMLtrust specifications and trust equations from CAT to analyze service-based interactions. The incorporation of the monitor into a provider makes it trust-aware. A trust monitoring algorithm is provided to analyze interactions and make decisions at run-time. A prototype of a file sharing service-based grid is implemented to evaluate the applicability of our framework that confirms the effectiveness of the framework.



The Trustworthy Leader

The Trustworthy Leader PDF
Author: Amy Lyman
Publisher: Jossey-Bass
Release Date: 2012-01-03
Book Size: 76.86 MB
Book Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : un
Pages : 224
View: 5569

Get Book

The Trustworthy Leader

by Amy Lyman, The Trustworthy Leader Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download The Trustworthy Leader book, How leaders from the best workplaces build trust in their organizations The Trustworthy Leader reveals the benefits organizations enjoy when trustworthy behavior is practiced consistently by their leaders. Drawing from examples from the Best Companies to Work For, Lyman, cofounder of Great Place to Work Institute, explains that being trustworthy means that leaders' behaviors are rooted in their commitment to the value of trust and not simply in an imitation of the practices of others. She identifies six elements that reflect a leader's trustworthiness: honor, inclusion, engaging followers, sharing information, developing others, and moving through uncertainty to pursue opportunities. Features leaders from great companies such as REI, Wegman's, R.W. Baird, TDIndustries, and more Based on more than 20 years of rigorous research into the value of trust in companies large and small and its link to financial and organizational performance Published to coincide with the release of the FORTUNE 100 Best Companies to Work For 2012 list This book offers a key to developing high levels of trust, a critical endeavor in an age when seemingly every day a story of a leader's lapse in ethical behavior makes headlines.



Trustworthy Open Self Organising Systems

Trustworthy Open Self Organising Systems PDF
Author: Wolfgang Reif
Publisher: Birkhäuser
Release Date: 2016-06-20
Book Size: 12.64 MB
Book Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Computers
Languages : un
Pages : 244
View: 3623

Get Book

Trustworthy Open Self Organising Systems

by Wolfgang Reif, Trustworthy Open Self Organising Systems Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download Trustworthy Open Self Organising Systems book, This book treats the computational use of social concepts as the focal point for the realisation of a novel class of socio-technical systems, comprising smart grids, public display environments, and grid computing. These systems are composed of technical and human constituents that interact with each other in an open environment. Heterogeneity, large scale, and uncertainty in the behaviour of the constituents and the environment are the rule rather than the exception. Ensuring the trustworthiness of such systems allows their technical constituents to interact with each other in a reliable, secure, and predictable way while their human users are able to understand and control them. "Trustworthy Open Self-Organising Systems" contains a wealth of knowledge, from trustworthy self-organisation mechanisms, to trust models, methods to measure a user's trust in a system, a discussion of social concepts beyond trust, and insights into the impact open self-organising systems will have on society.



Social Psychology Quarterly

Social Psychology Quarterly PDF
Author:
Publisher:
Release Date: 1979
Book Size: 29.33 MB
Book Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Electronic journals
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 1308

Get Book

Social Psychology Quarterly

by , Social Psychology Quarterly Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download Social Psychology Quarterly book, Includes theoretical and empirical papers on topics in social psychology including sociometry. Publishes works by both sociologists and psychologists.



The Trustworthiness Of God

The Trustworthiness of God PDF
Author: Paul Helm
Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
Release Date: 2002
Book Size: 57.83 MB
Book Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Religion
Languages : un
Pages : 289
View: 7620

Get Book

The Trustworthiness Of God

by Paul Helm, The Trustworthiness Of God Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download The Trustworthiness Of God book, While few Christian thinkers would question the trustworthiness of God, this topic is key for understanding the divine nature and God's revelation to the world. The Trustworthiness of God offers a comprehensive look at the theme of God's faithfulness, exploring the relationship between the doctrines of God and of Scripture from every possible perspective. Written by a team of international scholars, the book begins by surveying what key biblical texts say about God's faithfulness. Other chapters look to Jesus as a model of God's trustworthiness, examine Paul's writing on the subject, consider the thoughts of the church fathers, and place all of this evidence within the framework of systematic theology. Broad in scope and irenic in design, The Trustworthiness of God will benefit teachers, students, and general readers alike.



Trust Complexity And Control

Trust  Complexity and Control PDF
Author: Piotr Cofta
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2007-09-27
Book Size: 51.27 MB
Book Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : un
Pages : 310
View: 5407

Get Book

Trust Complexity And Control

by Piotr Cofta, Trust Complexity And Control Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download Trust Complexity And Control book, An increasing reliance on the Internet and mobile communication has deprived us of our usual means of assessing another party’s trustworthiness. This is increasingly forcing us to rely on control. Yet the notion of trust and trustworthiness is essential to the continued development of a technology-enabled society. Trust, Complexity and Control offers readers a single, consistent explanation of how the sociological concept of ‘trust’ can be applied to a broad spectrum of technology-related areas; convergent communication, automated agents, digital security, semantic web, artificial intelligence, e-commerce, e-government, privacy etc. It presents a model of confidence in which trust and control are driven and limited by complexity in one explanatory framework and demonstrates how that framework can be applied to different research and application areas. Starting with the individual’s assessment of trust, the book shows the reader how application of the framework can clarify misunderstandings and offer solutions to complex problems. The uniqueness of Trust, Complexity and Control is its interdisciplinary treatment of a variety of diverse areas using a single framework. Sections featured include: Trust and distrust in the digital world. The impact of convergent communication and networks on trust. Trust, economy and commerce. Trust-enhancing technologies. Trust, Complexity and Control is an invaluable source of reference for both researchers and practitioners within the Trust community. It will also be of benefit to students and lecturers in the fields of information technology, social sciences and computer engineering.