Forensic Biology

Forensic Biology PDF
Author: Richard Li
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420043447
Size: 24.91 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 448
View: 3318

Get Book

Designed as an accessible introduction to basic scientific principles and their application in professional practice, Forensic Biology provides a concise overview of the field. Focusing solely on the science behind the forensic analysis of biological evidence, this book highlights the principles, methods, and techniques used in forensic serologic and forensic DNA analysis. Divided into two areas, the first addresses the identification of biological fluids including blood, semen, and saliva. Chapters instruct on the identification techniques involved in presumptive and confirmatory tests. The second area covers the individualization of biological evidence using forensic DNA techniques. The book demonstrates extraction methods, quantization methods, DNA profiling analysis, and interpretation of results. Each technique introduced in this text is preceded by a brief background of its development and the basic principles that support the technique and its applications. All methods are discussed in detail and accompanied by schematic illustrations where appropriate. Each chapter presents study questions, and references. Instructors have access to a CD containing PowerPoint lecture slides. Emphasizing the fundamentals of basic science and its application to forensic biology, this book provides a solid scientific grounding and familiarity with not just the principles of biological and biochemical processes that occur in forensic analysis, but also the language and vocabulary of forensic biology. The explanations are accessible and straightforward, and informative to facilitate effective learning.

Forensic Analysis Of Biological Evidence

Forensic Analysis of Biological Evidence PDF
Author: J. Thomas McClintock
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466504587
Size: 42.49 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 176
View: 3098

Get Book

A powerful tool in the identification of individuals, DNA typing has revolutionized criminal and paternity investigations. Widespread analysis is now conducted by public and private laboratories in the United States and abroad. Focusing on the basic techniques used in forensic DNA laboratories, Forensic Analysis of Biological Evidence: A Laboratory

Forensic Analysis Of Biological Evidence

Forensic Analysis of Biological Evidence PDF
Author: J. Thomas McClintock
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781466504608
Size: 25.85 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 176
View: 2488

Get Book

A powerful tool in the identification of individuals, DNA typing has revolutionized criminal and paternity investigations. Widespread analysis is now conducted by public and private laboratories in the United States and abroad. Focusing on the basic techniques used in forensic DNA laboratories, Forensic Analysis of Biological Evidence: A Laboratory Guide for Serological and DNA Typing introduces readers to the science of serological analysis and DNA typing methods and provides a thorough background of the molecular techniques used to determine an individual’s identity or parental lineage. Originally published as Forensic DNA Analysis: A Laboratory Manual, this revised work offers updated exercises and protocols for all kinds of DNA and serological analyses with delineated objectives, step-by-step procedures, and required laboratory supplies. Each exercise in this manual: Provides an overview of forensic DNA analysis Explains the sources or types of biological material used in a particular DNA analysis Supplies the background principles and practical methodology for specific serological analysis and DNA typing techniques Simulates human forensic testing and can also be used to simulate a wide range of applications for genetic analysis The book contains an extensive glossary to make readers familiar with terminology used in the forensic analysis of biological evidence, as well as basic terms used in molecular biology. Those who master the material in this volume will understand the methodology of the investigation in DNA typing, develop an understanding of the scientific principles involved in serology and DNA analysis, and succeed in analyzing and interpreting the data generated in each exercise with clarity and confidence.

Forensic Biology

Forensic Biology PDF
Author: Richard Li
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439889724
Size: 79.55 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 567
View: 3942

Get Book

Over the last several years, new research and developments in analysis methods and practice have led to rapid advancements in forensic biology. Identifying critical points of knowledge and new methodological approaches in the field, Forensic Biology, Second Edition focuses on forensic serology and forensic DNA analysis. It provides students and pro

Studyguide For Forensic Biology

Studyguide for Forensic Biology PDF
Author: Cram101 Textbook Reviews
Publisher: Cram101
ISBN: 9781478488385
Size: 17.20 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 194
View: 1618

Get Book

Never HIGHLIGHT a Book Again Includes all testable terms, concepts, persons, places, and events. Cram101 Just the FACTS101 studyguides gives all of the outlines, highlights, and quizzes for your textbook with optional online comprehensive practice tests. Only Cram101 is Textbook Specific. Accompanies: 9780872893795. This item is printed on demand.

Fundamentals Of Civil Engineering

Fundamentals of Civil Engineering PDF
Author: Richard H. McCuen
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781138452749
Size: 10.31 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Civil engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 224
View: 2461

Get Book

While the ASCE Body of Knowledge (BOK2) is the codified source for all technical and non-technical information necessary for those seeking to attain licensure in civil engineering, recent graduates have notoriously been lacking in the non-technical aspects even as they excel in the technical. Fundamentals of Civil Engineering: An Introduction to the ASCE Body of Knowledge addresses this shortfall and helps budding engineers develop the knowledge, skills, and attitudes suggested and implied by the BOK2. Written as a resource for all of the non-technical outcomes not specifically covered in the BOK2, it details fundamental aspects of fourteen outcomes addressed in the second edition of the ASCE Body of Knowledge and encourages a broader perspective and understanding of the role of civil engineers in society as well as the reciprocal influence between civil engineering and social evolution. With discussion questions and group activities at the end of each chapter, topics covered include humanities and social sciences, experimentation, sustainability, contemporary issues and historical perspectives, risk and uncertainty, communication, public policy, globalization, leadership and teamwork, and professional and ethical responsibilities. Suitable for both current and former students in pursuit of further breadth and depth of knowledge and professional maturity, this primer promotes introspection, self-evaluation, and self-learning. It details those attitudes that are essential to the achievement of personal and professional success and advancement to positions of leadership, and encourages an appreciation of the human values that are fundamental to professional practice.

Studyguide For Forensic Biology

Studyguide for Forensic Biology PDF
Author: Cram101 Textbook Reviews
Publisher: Cram101
ISBN: 9781467269223
Size: 19.32 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 242
View: 7032

Get Book

Never HIGHLIGHT a Book Again! Virtually all of the testable terms, concepts, persons, places, and events from the textbook are included. Cram101 Just the FACTS101 studyguides give all of the outlines, highlights, notes, and quizzes for your textbook with optional online comprehensive practice tests. Only Cram101 is Textbook Specific. Accompanys: 9781420043433 .

Essential Forensic Biology

Essential Forensic Biology PDF
Author: Alan Gunn
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119141400
Size: 24.34 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 472
View: 5257

Get Book

A completely revised and updated edition that teaches the essentials of forensic biology, with increased coverage of molecular biological techniques and new information on wildlife forensics, wound analysis and the potential of microbiomes as forensic indicators This fully revised and updated introduction to forensic biology carefully guides the reader through the science of biology in legal investigations. Full-colour throughout, including many new images, it offers an accessible overview to the essentials of the subject, providing balanced coverage of the range of organisms used as evidence in forensic investigations, such as invertebrates, vertebrates, plants and microbes. The book provides an accessible overview of the decay process and discusses the role of forensic indicators like human fluids and tissues, including bloodstain pattern analysis, hair, teeth, bones and wounds. It also examines the study of forensic biology in cases of suspicious death. This third edition of Essential Forensic Biology expands its coverage of molecular techniques throughout, offering additional material on bioterrorism and wildlife forensics. The new chapter titled ‘Wildlife Forensics’ looks at welfare legislation, CITES and the use of forensic techniques to investigate criminal activity such as wildlife trafficking and dog fighting. The use of DNA and RNA for the identification of individuals and their personal characteristics is now covered as well, along with a discussion of the ethical issues associated with the maintenance of DNA databases. Fully revised and updated third edition of the successful student-friendly introduction to the essentials of Forensic Biology Covers a wide variety of legal investigations such as homicide, suspicious death, neglect, real and fraudulent claims for the sale of goods unfit for purpose, the illegal trade in protected species of plants and animals and bioterrorism Discusses the use of a wide variety of biological material for forensic evidence Supported by a website that includes numerous photographs, interactive MCQs, self-assessment quizzes and a series of questions and topics for further study to enhance student understanding Includes a range of important, key case studies in which the difficulties of evaluating biological evidence are highlighted Essential Forensic Biology, Third Edition is an excellent guide for undergraduates studying forensic science and forensic biology.

Introduction To Forensic Science And Criminalistics Second Edition

Introduction to Forensic Science and Criminalistics  Second Edition PDF
Author: Howard A. Harris
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498757987
Size: 73.56 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 420
View: 574

Get Book

This Second Edition of the best-selling Introduction to Forensic Science and Criminalistics presents the practice of forensic science from a broad viewpoint. The book has been developed to serve as an introductory textbook for courses at the undergraduate level—for both majors and non-majors—to provide students with a working understanding of forensic science. The Second Edition is fully updated to cover the latest scientific methods of evidence collection, evidence analytic techniques, and the application of the analysis results to an investigation and use in court. This includes coverage of physical evidence, evidence collection, crime scene processing, pattern evidence, fingerprint evidence, questioned documents, DNA and biological evidence, drug evidence, toolmarks and fireams, arson and explosives, chemical testing, and a new chapter of computer and digital forensic evidence. Chapters address crime scene evidence, laboratory procedures, emergency technologies, as well as an adjudication of both criminal and civil cases utilizing the evidence. All coverage has been fully updated in all areas that have advanced since the publication of the last edition. Features include: Progresses from introductory concepts—of the legal system and crime scene concepts—to DNA, forensic biology, chemistry, and laboratory principles Introduces students to the scientific method and the application of it to the analysis to various types, and classifications, of forensic evidence The authors’ 90-plus years of real-world police, investigative, and forensic science laboratory experience is brought to bear on the application of forensic science to the investigation and prosecution of cases Addresses the latest developments and advances in forensic sciences, particularly in evidence collection Offers a full complement of instructor's resources to qualifying professors Includes full pedagogy—including learning objectives, key terms, end-of-chapter questions, and boxed case examples—to encourage classroom learning and retention Introduction to Forensic Science and Criminalistics, Second Edition, will serve as an invaluable resource for students in their quest to understand the application of science, and the scientific method, to various forensic disciplines in the pursuit of law and justice through the court system. An Instructor’s Manual with Test Bank and Chapter PowerPoint® slides are available upon qualified course adoption.

Human Blood Analysis

Human Blood Analysis PDF
Author: M. K. Bhasin
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 27.51 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Forensic hematology
Languages : en
Pages : 304
View: 2171

Get Book

Blood - a biological material is the most common evidence found in all types of forensic investigations. There are two major areas of investigation: Testing for biological evidence of kinship in civil cases; and characterization of blood stains in criminal cases. Blood groups typing is still the most commonly using immunological method employed by forensic serologists for the individualization of blood. Certain enzymes and blood proteins exist in multiple genetically different forms. In case of enzymes, these forms are known as Isoenzymes . The discovery of HLA polymorphism not only involves the variable alleles in individual loci but also the haplotypes of neighboring lined loci which increases the discrimination potential for individualization and association of some HLA antigens with particular ethnic groups thereby making them important from the forensic point of view. The molecular biology has provided a more reliable techniques of DNA fingerprinting which has revolutionized the forensic analysis of blood evidence in crime investigation and today it is possible to provide valuable information in cases where scare or /and degraded amount of crime scene material could have been a limiting factor. Population studies and generation of DNA databases and quality systems are further advancements in the forensic investigation of blood evidence. The blood analysis proves useful for the forensic serologist in establishing the reliability of the results in any court of law.

Wildlife Forensics

Wildlife Forensics PDF
Author: Jane E. Huffman
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119954290
Size: 22.94 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 352
View: 4417

Get Book

Wildlife Forensics: Methods and Applications provides an accessible and practical approach to the key areas involved in this developing subject. The book contains case studies throughout the text that take the reader from the field, to the lab analysis to the court room, giving a complete insight into the path of forensic evidence and demonstrating how current techniques can be applied to wildlife forensics. The book contains approaches that wildlife forensic investigators and laboratory technicians can employ in investigations and provides the direction and practical advice required by legal and police professionals seeking to gain the evidence needed to prosecute wildlife crimes. The book will bring together in one text various aspects of wildlife forensics, including statistics, toxicology, pathology, entomology, morphological identification, and DNA analysis. This book will be an invaluable reference and will provide investigators, laboratory technicians and students in forensic Science/conservation biology classes with practical guidance and best methods for criminal investigations applied to wildlife crime. Includes practical techniques that wildlife forensic investigators and laboratory technicians can employ in investigations. Includes case studies to illustrate various key methods and applications. Brings together diverse areas of forensic science and demonstrates their application specifically to the field of wildlife crime. Contains methodology boxes to lead readers through the processes of individual techniques. Takes an applied approach to the subject to appeal to both students of the subject and practitioners in the field. Includes a broad introduction to what is meant by 'wildlife crime', how to approach a crime scene and collect evidence and includes chapters dedicated to the key techniques utilized in wildlife investigations. Includes chapters on wildlife forensic pathology; zooanthropological techniques; biological trace evidence analysis; the importance of bitemark evidence; plant and wildlife forensics; best practices and law enforcement.

Using Forensic Dna Evidence At Trial

Using Forensic DNA Evidence at Trial PDF
Author: Jane Moira Taupin
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315360683
Size: 78.80 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 196
View: 2410

Get Book

Using Forensic DNA Evidence at Trial: A Case Study Approach covers the most common DNA analysis methods used in criminal trials today, including STR techniques, mitochondrial DNA, and Y-STRs. It presents some novel techniques—including familial testing and analyzing domestic animal hair—that have been recently introduced in unique cases, each of which is outlined in detail. It also illustrates special issues related to forensic DNA evidence by using court proceedings such as trials and appeals, commissions of inquiry, and government and laboratory reviews. With forensic DNA analysis becoming increasingly important at trial, the lively and sometimes bizarre cases presented in this book have been carefully chosen to highlight specific concepts, methods, and interpretations used in DNA analysis. Sections throughout examine the nature of expertise with a special focus on the role of subjectivity in the interpretation of forensic DNA evidence, emphasizing cognitive bias and extraneous context. Using both convictions and exonerations as examples, the book also discusses the strengths and limitations of DNA evidence and testing. The book is written in an accessible manner for the non-scientific reader, such that criminal lawyers, judges, and forensic experts will all understand the nature of analysis and application of DNA evidence in a variety of court cases. Extensive references—including notable trial proceedings, cross references of cases, and specific forensic statistics—round out the book and help to provide a complete understanding of forensic DNA analysis and its current usage in the courtroom.

Forensic Nursing

Forensic Nursing PDF
Author: Rita Hammer
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
ISBN: 076377703X
Size: 35.62 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 879
View: 2328

Get Book

Developed within a holistic, caring framework, and well grounded in theory and research, Forensic Nursing is based on the Standards of Forensic Nursing Practice developed by the International Association of Forensic Nursing. A unique, comprehensive reference text on forensic nursing, the book provides an interdisciplinary perspective, and addresses the need for collaborative practice and skill in caring for victims of violence and disaster, as well as in competently assisting in investigations.

Investigation Of The Effect Of Time And Surface Type On Amplicon Contamination Of Dna Profiles

Investigation of the Effect of Time and Surface Type on Amplicon Contamination of DNA Profiles PDF
Author: Arwa Hashem Mohamed Al-Hanbali
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 74.72 MB
Format: PDF
Category : DNA
Languages : en
Pages : 230
View: 3357

Get Book

Forensic analysis of the Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) obtained from biological evidence, such as blood or cellular samples, commonly known as DNA profiling or DNA typing , has become an important tool for individual identification in the criminal justice system. However, the disturbing possibility of deliberate contamination of the DNA evidence at the crime scene still exists. Accidental DNA contamination is widely researched and many preventative procedures have been put in place to eliminate this form of DNA contamination. On the other hand, deliberate DNA contamination of the DNA evidence at the crime scene has not been discussed in much detail. The deliberate contamination of the DNA either by planting a person s DNA at a crime scene or by contaminated the forensic evidence samples using another person s DNA amplicons still exists. Both can produce misleading DNA profiles. The current study shows that the deliberate contamination of the biological samples with amplicons under simulated crime scene conditions resulted in an alteration to the DNA profile of the original genomic DNA. Not only do immediate additions of PCR amplicons to samples alter the genomic DNA profiles, amplicons remain present in the genomic DNA profiles even after a period of up to seven weeks under the conditions used in this study. However, the alteration of the genomic DNA with amplicons contamination is not obvious after a period of five weeks. Amplicons alleles were still present but there was a drop-off of fluorescence intensity of the alleles and these peaks could be dismissed as stutter peaks. The study also showed that the surface type can influence the recovery of biological samples; however, in all cases the recovery of contaminant amplicons was observed from the swabbed surfaces. Previous studies show that the use of substrate controls in DNA analysis has limited value (Gill, 1996) in contrast, this study suggest that swabs an area adjacent to a sample or stain at the crime scene, may be useful in detecting the presence of amplicon contamination at crime scenes. Finally this study has verified that a hair washing step before DNA extraction can eliminate amplicon contamination of hair samples.