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Articulating Medieval Logic

Articulating Medieval Logic PDF
Author: Terence Parsons
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2014-02
Book Size: 56.24 MB
Book Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 331
View: 4037

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Articulating Medieval Logic

by Terence Parsons, Articulating Medieval Logic Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download Articulating Medieval Logic book, Terence Parsons presents a new study of the development and logical complexity of medieval logic. Basic principles of logic were used by Aristotle to prove conversion principles and reduce syllogisms. Medieval logicians expanded Aristotle's notation in several ways, such as quantifying predicate terms; and with the enlarged notation come additional logical principles. The resulting system of logic is able to deal with relational expressions, as in De Morgan'spuzzles about heads of horses. Parsons argues that medieval logic is as rich as contemporary first-order symbolic logic, though its full potential was not envisaged at the time. He provides a detailedexamination of the theory of modes of common personal supposition, and the useful principles of logic included with it. An appendix discusses the artificial signs introduced in the fifteenth century to alter quantifier scope.



Articulating Medieval Logic

Articulating Medieval Logic PDF
Author: Andrew Williams
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Release Date: 2017-06-21
Book Size: 10.79 MB
Book Format: PDF, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 338
View: 1079

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Articulating Medieval Logic

by Andrew Williams, Articulating Medieval Logic Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download Articulating Medieval Logic book, Andrew Williams presents a new study of the development and logical complexity of medieval logic. Basic principles of logic were used by Aristotle to prove conversion principles and reduce syllogisms. Medieval logicians expanded Aristotle's notation in several ways, such as quantifying predicate terms, as in 'No donkey is every animal', and allowing singular terms to appear in predicate position, as in 'Not every donkey is Brownie'; with the enlarged notation come additional logical principles. The resulting system of logic is able to deal with relational expressions, as in De Morgan's puzzles about heads of horses. A crucial issue is a mechanism for dealing with anaphoric pronouns, as in 'Every woman loves her mother'. Parsons illuminates the ways in which medieval logic is as rich as contemporary first-order symbolic logic, though its full potential was not envisaged at the time. Along the way, he provides a detailed exposition and examination of the theory of modes of common personal supposition, and the useful principles of logic included with it. An appendix discusses the artificial signs introduced in the fifteenth century to alter quantifier scope.



Articulating Medieval Logic

Articulating Medieval Logic PDF
Author: Terence Parsons
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Release Date: 2014-02-27
Book Size: 69.86 MB
Book Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 272
View: 3539

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Articulating Medieval Logic

by Terence Parsons, Articulating Medieval Logic Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download Articulating Medieval Logic book, Terence Parsons presents a new study of the development and logical complexity of medieval logic. Basic principles of logic were used by Aristotle to prove conversion principles and reduce syllogisms. Medieval logicians expanded Aristotle's notation in several ways, such as quantifying predicate terms, as in 'No donkey is every animal', and allowing singular terms to appear in predicate position, as in 'Not every donkey is Brownie'; with the enlarged notation come additional logical principles. The resulting system of logic is able to deal with relational expressions, as in De Morgan's puzzles about heads of horses. A crucial issue is a mechanism for dealing with anaphoric pronouns, as in 'Every woman loves her mother'. Parsons illuminates the ways in which medieval logic is as rich as contemporary first-order symbolic logic, though its full potential was not envisaged at the time. Along the way, he provides a detailed exposition and examination of the theory of modes of common personal supposition, and the useful principles of logic included with it. An appendix discusses the artificial signs introduced in the fifteenth century to alter quantifier scope.



The Cambridge Companion To Medieval Logic

The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Logic PDF
Author: Catarina Dutilh Novaes
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 2016-09-12
Book Size: 37.92 MB
Book Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 4210

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The Cambridge Companion To Medieval Logic

by Catarina Dutilh Novaes, The Cambridge Companion To Medieval Logic Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download The Cambridge Companion To Medieval Logic book, This volume, the first dedicated and comprehensive companion to medieval logic, covers both the Latin and the Arabic traditions, and shows that they were in fact sister traditions, which both arose against the background of a Hellenistic heritage and which influenced one another over the centuries. A series of chapters by both established and younger scholars covers the whole period including early and late developments, and offers new insights into this extremely rich period in the history of logic. The volume is divided into two parts, 'Periods and Traditions' and 'Themes', allowing readers to engage with the subject from both historical and more systematic perspectives. It will be a must-read for students and scholars of medieval philosophy, the history of logic, and the history of ideas.



Hylomorphism And Mereology

Hylomorphism and Mereology PDF
Author: Gyula Klima
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Release Date: 2019-01-22
Book Size: 76.64 MB
Book Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 119
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Hylomorphism And Mereology

by Gyula Klima, Hylomorphism And Mereology Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download Hylomorphism And Mereology book, Mereology is the metaphysical theory of parts and wholes, including their conditions of identity and persistence through change. Hylomorphism is the metaphysical doctrine according to which all natural substances, including living organisms, consist of matter and form as their essential parts, where the substantial form of living organisms is identified as their soul. The theories date to Plato and Aristotle and figure prominently in the history of philosophy up until the seventeenth century, where their influence wanes relative to a reductive materialism that culminates with deflationary accounts of objects and persons, where mere conglomerates constitute things and we are left to account for mental phenomena in terms of the powers of physical materials. In view of such difficulties, there is a renewed interest in hylomorphism, as its forms structure matter and can account for natural kinds, with their various capacities and powers. This volume presents medieval theories of hylomorphism and mereology, articulating the conceptual framework in which they developed and with an eye on their relevance today.



Early Modern Debts

Early Modern Debts PDF
Author: Laura Kolb
Publisher: Springer Nature
Release Date: 2020-11-30
Book Size: 16.21 MB
Book Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 416
View: 7638

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Early Modern Debts

by Laura Kolb, Early Modern Debts Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download Early Modern Debts book, Early Modern Debts: 1550–1700 makes an important contribution to the history of debt and credit in Europe, creating new transnational and interdisciplinary perspectives on problems of debt, credit, trust, interest, and investment in early modern societies. The collection includes essays by leading international scholars and early career researchers in the fields of economic and social history, legal history, literary criticism, and philosophy on such subjects as trust and belief; risk; institutional history; colonialism; personhood; interiority; rhetorical invention; amicable language; ethnicity and credit; household economics; service; and the history of comedy. Across the collection, the book reveals debt’s ubiquity in life and literature. It considers debt’s function as a tie between the individual and the larger group and the ways in which debts structured the home, urban life, legal systems, and linguistic and literary forms.



Introduction To Formal Philosophy

Introduction to Formal Philosophy PDF
Author: Sven Ove Hansson
Publisher: Springer
Release Date: 2018-10-24
Book Size: 55.60 MB
Book Format: PDF
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 733
View: 5506

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Introduction To Formal Philosophy

by Sven Ove Hansson, Introduction To Formal Philosophy Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download Introduction To Formal Philosophy book, This Undergraduate Textbook introduces key methods and examines the major areas of philosophy in which formal methods play pivotal roles. Coverage begins with a thorough introduction to formalization and to the advantages and pitfalls of formal methods in philosophy. The ensuing chapters show how to use formal methods in a wide range of areas. Throughout, the contributors clarify the relationships and interdependencies between formal and informal notions and constructions. Their main focus is to show how formal treatments of philosophical problems may help us understand them better. Formal methods can be used to solve problems but also to express new philosophical problems that would never have seen the light of day without the expressive power of the formal apparatus. ​Formal philosophy merges work in different areas of philosophy as well as logic, mathematics, computer science, linguistics, physics, psychology, biology, economics, political theory, and sociology. This title offers an accessible introduction to this new interdisciplinary research area to a wide academic audience.



Oxford Studies In Medieval Philosophy Volume 9

Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy Volume 9 PDF
Author: Robert Pasnau
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2021-08-20
Book Size: 11.70 MB
Book Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 272
View: 1003

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Oxford Studies In Medieval Philosophy Volume 9

by Robert Pasnau, Oxford Studies In Medieval Philosophy Volume 9 Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download Oxford Studies In Medieval Philosophy Volume 9 book, Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy showcases the best scholarly research in this flourishing field. The series covers all aspects of medieval philosophy, including the Latin, Arabic, and Hebrew traditions, and runs from the end of antiquity into the Renaissance. It publishes new work by leading scholars in the field, and combines historical scholarship with philosophical acuteness. The papers will address a wide range of topics, from political philosophy to ethics, and logic to metaphysics. OSMP is an essential resource for anyone working in the area.



Robert Kilwardby S Science Of Logic

Robert Kilwardby   s Science of Logic PDF
Author: Paul Thom
Publisher: BRILL
Release Date: 2019-09-16
Book Size: 33.45 MB
Book Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 328
View: 2655

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Robert Kilwardby S Science Of Logic

by Paul Thom, Robert Kilwardby S Science Of Logic Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download Robert Kilwardby S Science Of Logic book, Thom interprets Kilwardby’s science of logic as a logic of intensions with its own proof theory and semantics. This comprehensive reconstruction of Kilwardby’s logic shows the medieval master to be one of the most interesting logicians of the thirteenth century.



Conjoining Meanings

Conjoining Meanings PDF
Author: Paul M. Pietroski
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2018-04-12
Book Size: 61.48 MB
Book Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 336
View: 6135

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Conjoining Meanings

by Paul M. Pietroski, Conjoining Meanings Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download Conjoining Meanings book, Humans naturally acquire languages that connect meanings with pronunciations. Paul M. Pietroski presents an account of these distinctive languages as generative procedures that respect substantive constraints. Children acquire meaningful lexical items that can be combined, in certain ways, to form meaningful complex expressions. This raises questions about what meanings are, how they can be combined, and what kinds of meanings lexical items can have. According to Pietroski, meanings are neither concepts nor extensions, and sentences do not have truth conditions. He argues that meanings are composable instructions for how to access and assemble concepts of a special sort. More specifically, phrasal meanings are instructions for how to build monadic concepts (a.k.a. mental predicates) that are massively conjunctive, while lexical meanings are instructions for how to fetch concepts that are monadic or dyadic. This allows for polysemy, since a lexical item can be linked to an address that is shared by a family of fetchable concepts. But the posited combinatorial operations are limited and limiting. They impose severe restrictions on which concepts can be fetched for purposes of semantic composition. Correspondingly, Pietroski argues that in lexicalization, available representations are often used to introduce concepts that can be combined via the relevant operations.



Singleness

Singleness PDF
Author: Michal Glowala
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release Date: 2016-06-20
Book Size: 15.34 MB
Book Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 172
View: 3242

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Singleness

by Michal Glowala, Singleness Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download Singleness book, The book is a systematic study of the issue of self-individuation in the scholastic debate on principles of individuation (principia individuationis). The point of departure is a general formulation of the problem of individuation acceptable for all the participants of the scholastic debate: a principle of individuation of x is what makes x individual (in various possible senses of ‘making something individual’). The book argues against a prima facie plausible view that everything that is individual is individual by itself and not by anything distinct from it (Strong Self-Individuation Thesis). The keynote topic of the book is a detailed analysis of the two competing ways of rejecting the Strong Self-Individuation Thesis: the Scotistic and the Thomistic one. The book defends the latter one, discussing a number of issues concerning substantial and accidental forms, essences, properties, instantiation, the Thomistic notion of materia signata, Frege’s Begriff-Gegenstand distinction, and Geach’s form-function analogy developed in his writings on Aquinas. In the context of both the scholastic and contemporary metaphysics, the book offers a framework for dealing with issues of individuality and defends a Thomistic theory of individuation.



Oxford Studies In Ancient Philosophy Volume 58

Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy  Volume 58 PDF
Author: Victor Caston
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2020-11-17
Book Size: 16.27 MB
Book Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 288
View: 7473

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Oxford Studies In Ancient Philosophy Volume 58

by Victor Caston, Oxford Studies In Ancient Philosophy Volume 58 Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download Oxford Studies In Ancient Philosophy Volume 58 book, Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy is a volume of original articles on all aspects of ancient philosophy. The articles may be of substantial length, and include critical notices of major books. OSAP is now published twice yearly, in both hardback and paperback. "'Have you seen the latest OSAP?' is what scholars of ancient philosophy say to each other when they meet in corridors or on coffee breaks. Whether you work on Plato or Aristotle, on Presocratics or sophists, on Stoics, Epicureans, or Sceptics, on Roman philosophers or Greek Neoplatonists, you are liable to find OSAP articles now dominant in the bibliography of much serious published work in your particular subject: not safe to miss." - Malcolm Schofield, Cambridge University "OSAP was founded to provide a place for long pieces on major issues in ancient philosophy. In the years since, it has fulfilled this role with great success, over and over again publishing groundbreaking papers on what seemed to be familiar topics and others surveying new ground to break. It represents brilliantly the vigour—and the increasingly broad scope—of scholarship in ancient philosophy, and shows us all how the subject should flourish." - M.M. McCabe, King's College London