Art History And The Historiography Of Judaism In Roman Antiquity

Art  History and the Historiography of Judaism in Roman Antiquity PDF
Author: Steven Fine
Publisher: Brill Academic Publishers
ISBN: 9789004238169
Size: 30.13 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 234
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"Art, History and the Historiography of Judaism in the Greco-Roman World" explores the complex interplay between visual culture, texts and their interpretations, arguing for an open-ended and self-aware approach to understanding Jewish culture from the first century CE through the rise of Islam. The essays assembled here range from the "thick description" of Josephus' Bezalel son of Uri as a Roman architect through the inscriptions of the Dura Europos synagogue, Jewish reflections on Caligula in color, the polychromy of ancient Jewish artifacts and new-old approaches to the zodiac and to the Christian destruction of ancient Jewish artifacts. Taken together, they suggest a humane approach to the history of the Jews in an age of deep and long lasting transitions-- both in antiquity, and in our own time.

Jewish Identity In The Greco Roman World

Jewish Identity in the Greco Roman World PDF
Author: Jörg Frey
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004158383
Size: 65.81 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 435
View: 7645

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The book addresses critical issues of the formation and development of Jewish identity in the late Second Temple period. How could Jewish identity be defined? What about the status of women and the image of 'others'? And what about its ongoing influence in early Christianity?

Magic In The Roman World

Magic in the Roman World PDF
Author: Naomi Janowitz
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134633688
Size: 34.97 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 160
View: 2577

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Using in-depth examples of 'magical' practice such as exorcisms, love rites, alchemy and the transformation of humans into divine beings, this lively volume demonstrates that the word 'magic' was used widely in late antique texts as part of polemics against enemies and sometimes merely as a term for other people's rituals. Naomi Janowitz shows that 'magical' activities were integral to late antique religious practice, and that they must be understood from the perspective of those who employed them.

Religious Competition In The Greco Roman World

Religious Competition in the Greco Roman World PDF
Author: Nathaniel P. DesRosiers
Publisher: SBL Press
ISBN: 0884141578
Size: 49.93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 346
View: 3410

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Essays that broaden the historical scope and sharpen the parameters of competitive discourses Scholars in the fields of late antique Christianity, neoplatonism, New Testament, art history, and rabbinics examine issues related to authority, identity, and change in religious and philosophical traditions of late antiquity. The specific focus of the volume is the examination of cultural producers and their particular viewpoints and agendas in an attempt to shed new light on the religious thinkers, texts, and material remains of late antiquity. The essays explore the major creative movements of the era, examining the strategies used to develop and designate orthodoxies and orthopraxies. This collection of essays reinterprets dialogues between individuals and groups, illuminating the mutual competition and influence among these ancient thinkers and communities. Features: Essays feature competitive discourse as the central organizing theme Articles present unique theoretical models that are adaptable to different contexts and highly applicable to religious discourses before and after the Late Antique Period Scholars cover a much wider range of traditions including Judaism, Christianity, paganism, and philosophy in order to provide the most complete portrait of the religious landscape

Aphrodite And The Rabbis

Aphrodite and the Rabbis PDF
Author: Burton L. Visotzky
Publisher: St. Martin's Press
ISBN: 1250085772
Size: 27.99 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 2690

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Hard to believe but true: - The Passover Seder is a Greco-Roman symposium banquet - The Talmud rabbis presented themselves as Stoic philosophers - Synagogue buildings were Roman basilicas - Hellenistic rhetoric professors educated sons of well-to-do Jews - Zeus-Helios is depicted in synagogue mosaics across ancient Israel - The Jewish courts were named after the Roman political institution, the Sanhedrin - In Israel there were synagogues where the prayers were recited in Greek. Historians have long debated the (re)birth of Judaism in the wake of the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple cult by the Romans in 70 CE. What replaced that sacrificial cult was at once something new–indebted to the very culture of the Roman overlords–even as it also sought to preserve what little it could of the old Israelite religion. The Greco-Roman culture in which rabbinic Judaism grew in the first five centuries of the Common Era nurtured the development of Judaism as we still know and celebrate it today. Arguing that its transformation from a Jerusalem-centered cult to a world religion was made possible by the Roman Empire, Rabbi Burton Visotzky presents Judaism as a distinctly Roman religion. Full of fascinating detail from the daily life and culture of Jewish communities across the Hellenistic world, Aphrodite and the Rabbis will appeal to anyone interested in the development of Judaism, religion, history, art and architecture.

Magic And Religion In The Greco Roman World

Magic and Religion in the Greco roman World PDF
Author: Ori Soltes
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781546503156
Size: 35.63 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 396
View: 2892

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The Greco-Roman world was one of multi-aspected Paganisms, with their consciousness of myriad gods and goddesses, daimons and spirits. In that world the Hebrew-Israelite-Judaean tradition struggled to assert itself-and ultimately split into what became Judaism and Christianity. Verbal distinctions that we take for granted-such as those between magic and religion, myth and theology, superstition, heresy and true belief, astronomy and astrology-had not yet assumed the place to which they eventually arrive within our vocabulary. This volume offers an account of how Judaism and Christianity emerged as distinct, related faiths each claiming to be the proper continuation of the Hebraic tradition. It considers how their theological relationship-their competition with respect to the Truth regarding divinity and its relationship to humanity-is affected by both their mutual interface and their theological relationships with Paganism, and also by the political context of the pagan Roman Imperium in which they develop. The book seeks to understand what comprise the key elements that distinguish and join these traditions, why and how the vocabulary of religion and magic emerges and evolves, and how the shaping of that vocabulary has affected and continues to affect our sense of what Judaism and Christianity are. The book examines ancient texts, some well-known (like the Bible and Homer's Odyssey) and others fairly obscure (such as the Greek Magical Papyrae and the Book of Secrets ascribed to Noah); it also explores a number of modern discussions, either of some of these texts or of some of the concepts that this book addresses. It offers a uniquely broad and integrated perspective on two interwoven issues-magic, superstition and religion, on the one hand, and, on the other, the way early Judaism and Christianity were facing each other while confronting paganism and the evolving concept of heresy.

Geschichte Der Juden In Der Antike

Geschichte der Juden in der Antike PDF
Author: Peter Schäfer
Publisher: UTB GmbH
ISBN: 9783825233662
Size: 75.41 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Religion
Languages : de
Pages : 339
View: 7293

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Peter Schäfer gibt einen umfassenden Überblick über die politische und ökonomische Lage Palästinas zwischen 333 v. Chr. und 638 n. Chr. Dabei bezieht er andere Meinungen in seine Untersuchung mit ein und setzt sich kritisch mit den vorhandenen Quellen auseinander.

2006 2007

2006 2007 PDF
Author:
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 311094149X
Size: 32.86 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Reference
Languages : de
Pages : 2832
View: 3659

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Die seit 1971 wieder erscheinende, interdisziplinäre, internationale Rezensionsbibliographie IBR ist eine einmalige Informationsquelle. Die Datenbank weist über 1,1 Millionen vornehmlich die Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften berücksichtigende Buchrezensionen in 6.000 vorwiegend europäischen wissenschaftlichen Zeitschriften nach. 60.000 Eintragungen kommen jedes Jahr hinzu, bieten dem Benutzer Daten zum rezensierten Werk und zur Rezension.

The Eye Expanded

The Eye Expanded PDF
Author: Frances B. Titchener
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520210295
Size: 11.30 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 294
View: 3760

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Sixteen contributors show in various ways that the boundary between life and art was more porous in the ancient world than it is generally felt to be now.

Lesepraktiken Im Antiken Judentum

Lesepraktiken im antiken Judentum PDF
Author: Jonas Leipziger
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110732823
Size: 26.58 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : de
Pages : 497
View: 5299

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Für das antike Judentum liegt bislang keine umfassende Geschichte des Lesens vor: Diese Forschungslücke will Jonas Leipziger füllen, indem er anhand der Trias von Rezeptionsakten, Materialität und Schriftgebrauch die Entwicklung von rituellen Lesepraktiken im antiken Judentum nachzeichnet. Er nimmt eine historische Kontextualisierung jüdischer Lesepraktiken vor, indem er deren methodische Grundlagen klärt (I), die Voraussetzungen der Formen von Textrezeption herausarbeitet (II) und die materialen Dimensionen des Lesens (Rollen, Codices; nomina sacra) untersucht (III). In einer historisch differenzierten Darstellung diskutiert er verschiedene soziale Orte von Lesepraktiken (IV) und unterschiedliche Gemeinschaften und ihre spezifischen Praktiken des Lesens (V). Schließlich werden Praktiken der Schriftrezeption dargelegt, die in schrifttragenden Artefakten eine magische Präsenz und inhärente Wirkmächtigkeit sehen (VI). Die Studie zeigt somit auf, wie sich jüdische Lesepraktiken historisch entwickeln, macht eine kontinuierliche jüdische Rezeption der griechischen Bibel – auch in Codex-Form – von der Antike bis in die Neuzeit deutlich und leistet dadurch einen grundlegenden Beitrag für die Erforschung der Geschichte des antiken Judentums.

Das Priesterverst Ndnis Des Flavius Josephus

Das Priesterverst  ndnis des Flavius Josephus PDF
Author: Oliver Gussmann
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161495625
Size: 35.11 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : de
Pages : 514
View: 5357

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English summary: The ancient Jewish historian Flavius Josephus served as a priest of the Herodian temple of Jerusalem. He was not a member of one of the different religious parties of the Jewish community before the Jewish War (70 CE), but he ascribed his own origins to the old Hasmonean high priestly family. Oliver Gussmann presents Josephus' understanding of the priesthood by dealing with genealogy, priesthood and prophecy, theocracy, the architecture of the Second Temple and the symbolism of the high priestly vestments. This book is a contribution to the research on Josephus and the priesthood of ancient Judaism in the first century CE. There is an English translation of the summary. German description: Die Gestalt des antiken judischen Historikers Flavius Josephus erschliesst sich am homogensten von seiner Priesterschaft und von seinem Priesterverstandnis her, nicht aber durch seine Zuordnung zu einer der politisch-religiosen Parteien. Die Hohenpriester sind wesentliche Protagonisten der Geschichtsschreibung des Josephus. Er selbst ordnet sich dem hasmonaischen Priesteradel zu und sucht die Nahe zur politischen Macht. Josephus beruft sich auf seinen Status als Priester auch ohne aktive Kultausubung. Dieser Status ist zuerst und unverlierbar in seiner priesterlichen Abstammung begrundet. Josephus orientiert seine Sicht gegenuber romischen Lesern haufig an kultischen Gesichtspunkten sowie am Status und der Funktion von Priestern.Oliver Gussmann untersucht die Bedeutung der hohenpriesterlichen Amtsnachfolge und Genealogie bei Josephus, die Verbindung von Priestertum und Prophetie und das Modell eines judischen Gemeinwesens, das Josephus als Theokratie versteht. Josephus stellt die Jerusalemer Tempelarchitektur und den Ornat des Hohenpriesters mit Detailkenntnissen dar und deutet sie symbolisch. Die Hohenpriestergewander kommunizieren nicht nur politische Botschaften gegenuber den Romern nach aussen, sondern sie ordnen auch die judische Gesellschaft nach innen und haben kultisch mit den Vorstellungen von Reinheit und Suhne des Volkes und der Ordnung der Schopfung zu tun. Damit leistet Oliver Gussmann einen Beitrag zur Josephusforschung und zur Erhellung der religios-kulturellen Vorstellungswelt des antiken Judentums im ersten Jahrhundert n. Chr.Diese Arbeit wurde mit dem Adolf-Schlatter-Preis zur Forderung christlicher Theologie des Jahres 2009 ausgezeichnet

Jesus Und Die Steuerfrage

Jesus und die Steuerfrage PDF
Author: Niclas Förster
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161518416
Size: 42.58 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Religion
Languages : de
Pages : 418
View: 2260

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"Die vorliegende Studie wurde im Wintersemester 2009/10 von der Evangelisch-Theologischen Fakult'at der Westf'alischen Wilhelms-Universit'at M'unster als Habilitationsschrift angenommen."--Page [v].

Peoples Of The Roman World

Peoples of the Roman World PDF
Author: Mary T. Boatwright
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521840627
Size: 72.42 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 241
View: 2876

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In this highly-illustrated book, Mary T. Boatwright examines five of the peoples incorporated into the Roman world from the Republican through the Imperial periods: northerners, Greeks, Egyptians, Jews, and Christians. She explores over time the tension between assimilation and distinctiveness in the Roman world, as well as the changes effected in Rome by its multicultural nature. Underlining the fundamental importance of diversity in Rome's self-identity, the book explores Roman tolerance of difference and community as the Romans expanded and consolidated their power and incorporated other peoples into their empire. The Peoples of the Roman World provides an accessible account of Rome's social, cultural, religious, and political history, exploring the rich literary, documentary, and visual evidence for these peoples and Rome's reactions to them.

Modern Jewish Art

Modern Jewish Art PDF
Author: Ori Soltes
Publisher: Brill Research Perspectives
ISBN: 9789004393233
Size: 35.29 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 110
View: 6371

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Ori Z. Soltes considers the emerging and evolving discussion on and the expanding array of practitioners of 'Jewish art' in the past two hundred years--beginning with the issue of defining 'Judaism' and 'Jewish art.'