PDF Search: an ontology of consciousness

An Ontology Of Consciousness

An Ontology of Consciousness PDF
Author: R. Ellis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2013-03-09
Book Size: 36.40 MB
Book Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 205
View: 2529

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An Ontology Of Consciousness

by R. Ellis, An Ontology Of Consciousness Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download An Ontology Of Consciousness book, The object of this study is to find a coherent theoretical approach to three problems which appear to interrelate in complex ways: (1) What is the ontological status of consciousness? (2) How can there be 'un conscious,' 'prereflective' or 'self-alienated' consciousness? And (3) Is there a 'self' or 'ego' formed by means of the interrelation of more elementary states of consciousness? The motivation for combining such a diversity of difficult questions is that we often learn more by looking at interrelations of problems than we could by viewing them only in isola tion. The three questions posed here have emerged as especially prob lematic in the context of twentieth century philosophy. 1. The question of the ontological status of consciousness The question 'What is consciousness?' is one of the most perplexing in philosophy-so perplexing that many have been motivated to proceed as though consciousness did not exist. If William James was speaking rhetorically when he said "Consciousness does not exist," 1 many behaviorists of the recent past were not. 2 James meant only to imply that consciousness is not an independently existing soul-substance, along side physical substances. He did not mean that we do not really 'have' consciousness, and he did not provide final resolution for the problem of the causal interrelations between consciousness and the physical realm (e. g. , our bodies). Many recent philosophers and psychologists, however, try to proceed as though these problems did not exist.



Consciousness And The Ontology Of Properties

Consciousness and the Ontology of Properties PDF
Author: Mihretu P. Guta
Publisher: Routledge
Release Date: 2018-07-20
Book Size: 21.32 MB
Book Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 292
View: 7074

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Consciousness And The Ontology Of Properties

by Mihretu P. Guta, Consciousness And The Ontology Of Properties Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download Consciousness And The Ontology Of Properties book, This book aims to show the centrality of a proper ontology of properties in thinking about consciousness. Philosophers have long grappled with what is now known as the hard problem of consciousness, i.e., how can subjective or qualitative features of our experience—such as how a strawberry tastes—arise from brain states? More recently, philosophers have incorporated what seems like promising empirical research from neuroscience and cognitive psychology in an attempt to bridge the gap between measurable mental states on the one hand, and phenomenal qualities on the other. In Consciousness and the Ontology of Properties, many of the leading philosophers working on this issue, as well as a few emerging scholars, have written 14 new essays on this problem. The essays address topics as diverse as substance dualism, mental causation, the metaphysics of artificial intelligence, the logic of conceivability, constitution, extended minds, the emergence of consciousness, and neuroscience and the unity and neural correlates of consciousness, but are nonetheless unified in a collective objective: the need for a proper ontology of properties to understand the hard problem of consciousness, both on non-empirical and empirical grounds.



The Mind S Construction

The Mind s Construction PDF
Author: Matthew Soteriou
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2013-08-29
Book Size: 37.91 MB
Book Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 385
View: 339

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The Mind S Construction

by Matthew Soteriou, The Mind S Construction Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download The Mind S Construction book, Philosophers working on the ontology of mind have highlighted various distinctions that can be drawn between the ways in which different aspects of our minds fill time. Matthew Soteriou explores ways in which such distinctions can help inform philosophical accounts of sensory and cognitive aspects of consciousness. He argues that work in the ontology of mind that focuses on distinctions of temporal character has much to contribute to philosophical accounts of thephenomenology of various elements of sensory consciousness. It can inform our understanding of conscious thinking, and the form of self-conscious consciousness that we have as subjects capable ofengaging in such activity, by helping to account for and explain the respect in which agency is exercised in conscious thinking. This can illuminate the more general issue of the place and role of mental action in an account of the metaphysics of mind.



Trauma And The Ontology Of The Modern Subject

Trauma and the Ontology of the Modern Subject PDF
Author: John L. Roberts
Publisher: Routledge
Release Date: 2017-09-11
Book Size: 36.48 MB
Book Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 230
View: 6309

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Trauma And The Ontology Of The Modern Subject

by John L. Roberts, Trauma And The Ontology Of The Modern Subject Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download Trauma And The Ontology Of The Modern Subject book, Recent scholarship has inquired into the socio-historical, discursive genesis of trauma. Trauma and the Ontology of the Modern Subject, however, seeks what has not been actualized in trauma studies – that is, how the necessity and unassailable intensity of trauma is fastened to its historical emergence. We must ask not only what trauma means for the individual person’s biography, but also what it means to be the historical subject of trauma. In other words, how does being human in this current period of history implicate one’s lived possibilities that are threatened, and perhaps framed, through trauma? Foucauldian sensibilities inform a critical and structural analysis that is hermeneutically grounded. Drawing on the history of ideas and on Lacan’s work in particular, John L. Roberts argues that what we mean by trauma has developed over time, and that it is intimately tied with an ontology of the subject; that is to say, what it is to be, and means to be human. He argues that modern subjectivity – as articulated by Heidegger, Levinas, and Lacan – is structurally traumatic, founded in its finitude as self-withdrawal in time, its temporal self-absence becoming the very conditions for agency, truth and knowledge. The book also argues that this fractured temporal horizon – as an effect of an interrupting Otherness or alterity – is obscured through the discourses and technologies of the psy-disciplines (psychiatry, psychology, and psychotherapy). Consideration is given to social, political, and economic consequences of this concealment. Trauma and the Ontology of the Modern Subject will be of enduring interest to psychoanalysts and psychotherapists as well as scholars of philosophy and cultural studies.



Immanence And Illusion In Sartre S Ontology Of Consciousness

Immanence and Illusion in Sartre   s Ontology of Consciousness PDF
Author: Caleb Heldt
Publisher: Springer Nature
Release Date: 2020-09-01
Book Size: 62.28 MB
Book Format: PDF
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 195
View: 388

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Immanence And Illusion In Sartre S Ontology Of Consciousness

by Caleb Heldt, Immanence And Illusion In Sartre S Ontology Of Consciousness Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download Immanence And Illusion In Sartre S Ontology Of Consciousness book, This book is a critical re-evaluation of Jean-Paul Sartre’s phenomenological ontology, in which a theory of egological complicity and self-deception informing his later better known theory of bad faith is developed. This novel reinterpretation offers a systematic challenge to orthodox apprehensions of Sartre’s conceputualization of transcendental consciousness and the role that the ego plays within his account of pre-reflective consciousness. Heldt persuasively demonstrates how an adequate comprehension of Sartre’s theories of negation and reflection can reveal the world as it appears to human consciousness as one in which our reality is capable of becoming littered with illusions. As the foundation upon which the rest of Sartre’s philosophical project is built, it is essential that the phenomenological ontology of Sartre’s early writings be interpreted with clarity. This book provides such a reinterpretation. In doing so, a philosophical inquiry emerges which is genuinely contemporary in its aim and scope and which seeks to demonstrate the significance of Sartre’s thought, not only as significant to the history of philosophy, but to ongoing debates in continental philosophy and philosophy of mind.



Ontology Of Consciousness

Ontology of Consciousness PDF
Author: Helmut Wautischer
Publisher: MIT Press
Release Date: 2008-04-11
Book Size: 80.70 MB
Book Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 638
View: 1450

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Ontology Of Consciousness

by Helmut Wautischer, Ontology Of Consciousness Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download Ontology Of Consciousness book, Scholars from many different disciplines examine consciousness through the lens of intellectual approaches and cultures ranging from cosmology research and cell biophysics laboratories to pre-Columbian Mesoamerica and Tibetan Tantric Buddhism in a volume that extends consciousness studies beyond the limits of current neuroscience research.



Existence And Freedom

Existence and Freedom PDF
Author: Calvin O. Schrag
Publisher:
Release Date: 1961
Book Size: 22.93 MB
Book Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 250
View: 5509

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Existence And Freedom

by Calvin O. Schrag, Existence And Freedom Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download Existence And Freedom book,



The Ontology Of Emotions

The Ontology of Emotions PDF
Author: Hichem Naar
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 2017-12-21
Book Size: 61.84 MB
Book Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 2143

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The Ontology Of Emotions

by Hichem Naar, The Ontology Of Emotions Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download The Ontology Of Emotions book, A pioneering investigation into the nature of emotions, bringing together important questions in ontology, metaphysics, and philosophy of mind. Leading scholars explore a neglected aspect of the philosophy of emotion, paving the way for new advances in research. This book will be important for those working in the field of emotions.



Mind And Its Place In The World

Mind and its Place in the World PDF
Author: Alexander Batthyány
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Release Date: 2013-05-02
Book Size: 50.20 MB
Book Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 323
View: 7171

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Mind And Its Place In The World

by Alexander Batthyány, Mind And Its Place In The World Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download Mind And Its Place In The World book, What is mind? What is its relationship to the physical world? Is consciousness a causative agent in the physical world? With much progress being made in the neurosciences, many have thought that these questions could be answered by reducing them to questions about physical systems such as the brain. But this approach has foundered on the core problem of consciousness: Why is it that some brain processes are accompanied by conscious awareness? This anthology points out new sources and unexamined paths of consciousness research. By presenting a wide spectrum of non-reductive theories, the volume endeavours to overcome the dichotomy between dualism and monism that keeps plaguing the debate in favour of new and more differentiated positions.



A Phenomenological Ontology Of Freedom

A Phenomenological Ontology of Freedom PDF
Author: Dr. Ethar Al-Saraf
Publisher: E-Kutub Ltd
Release Date:
Book Size: 63.50 MB
Book Format: PDF, ePub
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 404
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A Phenomenological Ontology Of Freedom

by Dr. Ethar Al-Saraf, A Phenomenological Ontology Of Freedom Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download A Phenomenological Ontology Of Freedom book, The 'free will' debate has been an issue of serious and significant tension in the history of ‘Western’ philosophy. For Martin Heidegger and Jean-Paul Sartre, debate has been rendered intractable by a fundamental misunderstanding of the terms involved. This is exacerbated, they argue, by a failure to identify and adopt an appropriate methodological approach to the problem. In this respect and for both philosophers, this error in the free will debate is symptomatic of a broader misunderstanding of philosophical enquiry as such and the method it necessitates. For Heidegger, the entire history of ‘Analytic/Western’ ontology has been fatally misconceived as a result of an effort to define the being of entities in static terms. The insistence on framing questions in respect of whether/what a being ‘is’ thus obstructs any meaningful enquiry by conceding existence at the outset of the investigation. He demands nothing less than the ‘destruction’ of that framework as a necessary step towards a radical account of freedom as a necessary feature of human experience. Sartre’s project is founded on Heidegger’s argument though he is critical of what he considers the ethical ambiguities inherent to Heidegger’s account of Dasein. Instead, Sartre pushes the premises of Heidegger’s project into a definitive claim about the nature of consciousness. Therein he argues that as the only being for whom ‘meaning’ is possible, consciousness is distanced from beings by ‘nothingness’ which ensures its ontological freedom. We propose that a thorough investigation of their projects will reveal an account of ontological freedom that does not suffer from the shortcomings of Sartrean existentialism whilst avoiding the methodological missteps of the traditional discourse. Moreover, we will suggest that overcoming Heidegger’s ambiguities can be achieved by advancing his concerns into an interrogation of the ground of Dasein and its ontological priority. Thus we can satisfy Sartre’s criticism while reinforcing the commitment to a radically different approach to philosophical enquiry. Our investigation will argue that although Sartre has misconstrued Heidegger’s work, making comprehension of his freedom all the more complicated, an argument persists which sheds new light on a seemingly stubborn philosophical problem. In so doing, a challenge will be presented to some of the fundamental premises of modern philosophical discourse, promising to reorient the approach to enquiry as such.



Existence Culture And Persons

Existence  Culture  and Persons PDF
Author: Arkadiusz Chrudzimski
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Release Date: 2013-05-02
Book Size: 44.46 MB
Book Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 226
View: 483

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Existence Culture And Persons

by Arkadiusz Chrudzimski, Existence Culture And Persons Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download Existence Culture And Persons book, Roman Ingarden (1893-1970) belonged to those phenomenologists who never accepted Husserl's transcendental idealism. He devoted a great part of his intellectual energy to the "preparatory" analytical studies in which he hoped to develop an ontological framework suitable for an ultimate refutation of Husserl's idealistic doctrine. In these works we find a rich arsenal of ontological tools which is interesting even for those philosophers who are not interested in the subtleties of the Husserlian tradition or esoteric dialectics of the idealism / realism debate. Contributors: Arkadiusz Chrudzimski (Szczecin and Salzburg), Gregor Haefliger (Fribourg), Guido Küng (Fribourg), Jeff Mitscherling (Guelph), Andrzej Póltawski (Cracow), Peter Simons (Leeds), Edward Swiderski (Fribourg), Amie L. Thomasson (Miami), Daniel von Wachter (Munich).



The Ontology Of Gods

The Ontology of Gods PDF
Author: Jibu Mathew George
Publisher: Springer
Release Date: 2017-04-23
Book Size: 26.62 MB
Book Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 117
View: 3580

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The Ontology Of Gods

by Jibu Mathew George, The Ontology Of Gods Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download The Ontology Of Gods book, This volume offers a novel philosophical thesis on the ontology of religion, and proposes a new conceptual repertoire to deal with supernatural religion. Jibu Mathew George offers an interdisciplinary perspective on the source and dynamics of religious ideation upon which belief and faith are based, at the fundamental levels of human reasoning. Using Max Weber’s concept of “Disenchantment of the World” as a point of departure, this book endeavors to provide a pioneering philosophical and psychological understanding of the nature of enchantment, disenchantment, and possible re-enchantments as they pertain to the occidental cultural history in Weberian retrospect.