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Alan Turing The Enigma

Alan Turing  The Enigma PDF
Author: Andrew Hodges
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Release Date: 2014-11-10
Book Size: 24.87 MB
Book Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Biography & Autobiography
Languages : un
Pages : 768
View: 1424

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Alan Turing The Enigma

by Andrew Hodges, Alan Turing The Enigma Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download Alan Turing The Enigma book, A NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER The official book behind the Academy Award-winning film The Imitation Game, starring Benedict Cumberbatch and Keira Knightley It is only a slight exaggeration to say that the British mathematician Alan Turing (1912-1954) saved the Allies from the Nazis, invented the computer and artificial intelligence, and anticipated gay liberation by decades--all before his suicide at age forty-one. This New York Times–bestselling biography of the founder of computer science, with a new preface by the author that addresses Turing's royal pardon in 2013, is the definitive account of an extraordinary mind and life. Capturing both the inner and outer drama of Turing’s life, Andrew Hodges tells how Turing’s revolutionary idea of 1936--the concept of a universal machine--laid the foundation for the modern computer and how Turing brought the idea to practical realization in 1945 with his electronic design. The book also tells how this work was directly related to Turing’s leading role in breaking the German Enigma ciphers during World War II, a scientific triumph that was critical to Allied victory in the Atlantic. At the same time, this is the tragic account of a man who, despite his wartime service, was eventually arrested, stripped of his security clearance, and forced to undergo a humiliating treatment program--all for trying to live honestly in a society that defined homosexuality as a crime. The inspiration for a major motion picture starring Benedict Cumberbatch and Keira Knightley, Alan Turing: The Enigma is a gripping story of mathematics, computers, cryptography, and homosexual persecution.



Alan Turing

Alan Turing PDF
Author: Andrew Hodges
Publisher: Simon & Schuster
Release Date: 1983
Book Size: 39.10 MB
Book Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Biography & Autobiography
Languages : un
Pages : 587
View: 2595

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Alan Turing

by Andrew Hodges, Alan Turing Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download Alan Turing book, The story of Alan Turing, World War II's secret hero, whose brilliant mathematical work resulted in the "Enigma" machine which broke the German military code and gave the Allied forces advance knowledge of German military movements



Alan Turing

Alan Turing PDF
Author: Andrew Hodges
Publisher: Random House
Release Date: 2014
Book Size: 16.16 MB
Book Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Mathematicians
Languages : en
Pages : 736
View: 3550

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Alan Turing

by Andrew Hodges, Alan Turing Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download Alan Turing book, The official book behind the film, The Imitation Game, this is a dramatic portrayal of the life and work of Alan Turing, one of Britain's most extraordinary unsung heroes, and one of the world's greatest innovators. This is the official story that has inspired the British film, The Imitation Game, a nail-biting race against time following Alan Turing, the pioneer of modern-day computing and credited with cracking the German Enigma code, and his brilliant team at Britain's top-secret code-breaking centre, Bletchley Park, during the darkest days of World War II. Turing, whose contributions and genius significantly shortened the war, saving thousands of lives, was the eventual victim of an unenlightened British establishment, but his work and legacy live on. Prime Minister Gordon Brown released a statement of apology in 2009 on behalf of the British government for the "appalling" treatment of Turing.



Alan Turing

Alan Turing PDF
Author: Andrew Hodges
Publisher:
Release Date: 1985
Book Size: 27.34 MB
Book Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Mathematicians
Languages : en
Pages : 586
View: 5041

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Alan Turing

by Andrew Hodges, Alan Turing Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download Alan Turing book,



Alan Turing Enigma

Alan Turing  Enigma PDF
Author: Anna Revell
Publisher: Independently Published
Release Date: 2017-08-10
Book Size: 44.18 MB
Book Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Gay men
Languages : un
Pages : 113
View: 210

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Alan Turing Enigma

by Anna Revell, Alan Turing Enigma Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download Alan Turing Enigma book, Alan Turing: Enigma: The Incredible True Story of the Man Who Cracked The Code If you have ever used a computer, you owe that joy to Alan Turing. Turing is known by many as the Father of the Modern Computer for his conception of the theoretical stored-memory machine (known as the Turing Machine) and for the subsequent implementation of this idea in the creation of some of the world's first working computers, the Automatic Computing Engine, and the Manchester Mark 1. Impressive as they are, though, Turing's contributions to computer science are not necessarily his most famous or influential projects. Alan Turing was one of the most significant figures in the Allied victory of World War Two, thanks to his ingenious code breaking skills and the invention of the British Bombe at Bletchley Park. In his later life, Turing even dabbled in artificial intelligence, and biology, creating concepts that are still being investigated today. Until recently, Alan Turing had often been overlooked as an important figure in history. Thanks to in-depth biographies like Andrew Hodges' Alan Turing: The Enigma, and film depictions of Turing's life, like The Imitation Game, based on Hodges' book, Alan Turing is quickly becoming a household name, as people begin to recognize that his contributions to various fields were so influential they actually changed the course of human history.



Alan Turing

Alan Turing PDF
Author: Nigel Cawthorne
Publisher: Arcturus Publishing
Release Date: 2014-09-14
Book Size: 80.95 MB
Book Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 128
View: 3708

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Alan Turing

by Nigel Cawthorne, Alan Turing Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download Alan Turing book, Spring 1940: The Battle of the Atlantic rages. Vulnerable merchant convoys are at the mercy of German U-boats controlled by a cunning system of coded messages created by a machine called Enigma. Only one man believes that these codes can be broken - mathematician and Bletchley Park cryptanalyst Alan Turing. Winston Churchill later described Turing's success in breaking the Enigma codes as the single biggest contribution to victory against Nazi Germany. Unheralded during his lifetime, Turing is now recognized as the father of modern computer science and as possessing one of the greatest minds of the 20th century. Drawing on original source material, interviews and photographs, this book explores Turing's groundbreaking work as well as revealing the private side of a complex and unlikely national hero.



Turing

Turing PDF
Author: Fergus Mason
Publisher: BookCaps Study Guides
Release Date: 2014-06-23
Book Size: 64.67 MB
Book Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Biography & Autobiography
Languages : en
Pages : 120
View: 6783

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Turing

by Fergus Mason, Turing Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download Turing book, Hundreds of movies and thousands of books have been written about the heroes of World War II. For dozens of years, however, few people knew about one of the greatest heroes of the war—a mild-mannered, eccentric mathematician from the University of Cambridge. This man, an undeniable genius whose later life was plagued by controversy and tragedy, probably played a greater role in the eventual Allied victory than anyone else. Until quite recently his contribution to the war effort was barely recognized. Everyone’s heard of Churchill, Eisenhower, Montgomery, Patton and even de Gaulle, but far fewer have ever heard of Alan Turing. This is his incredible story.



Alan Turing

Alan Turing PDF
Author: Hourly History
Publisher:
Release Date: 2019-04-16
Book Size: 44.37 MB
Book Format: PDF, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 43
View: 7153

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Alan Turing

by Hourly History, Alan Turing Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download Alan Turing book, Alan Turing Alan Turing had a radical and ingenious mind. He is considered one of the fathers of artificial intelligence, and his theories on this matter range from purely mechanical to almost spiritual. During World War II, his decryption of the Nazis' Enigma codes proved vital for the Allied victory over the Axis powers. Turing's fingerprints are everywhere, and yet his own country for quite some time failed to acknowledge it. It wasn't until 2009 that the then prime minister of the United Kingdom, Gordon Brown, issued an official, posthumous apology to Alan Turing for "the appalling way he was treated." To many, this was an admission that was far too long in coming. Inside you will read about... ✓ The Death of His First Love ✓ Turing Machines ✓ Breaking the Nazis' Enigma Codes ✓ Conviction and Chemical Castration ✓ The Poison Apple And much more! As the chronicling of this book demonstrates, Alan Turing's life was by no means easy; there were hardships, trials, and tribulations that would shake him to his core. But despite the tragic way his life ended by way of a poison apple, the spark ignited by Alan Turing's short life is still something exceedingly brilliant to behold. Series Information: World War 2 Biographies Book 7



Mathematical Logic

Mathematical Logic PDF
Author: R.O. Gandy
Publisher: Elsevier
Release Date: 2001-12-05
Book Size: 29.72 MB
Book Format: PDF
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 306
View: 5042

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Mathematical Logic

by R.O. Gandy, Mathematical Logic Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download Mathematical Logic book, Mathematical Logic is a collection of the works of one of the leading figures in 20th-century science. This collection of A.M. Turing's works is intended to include all his mature scientific writing, including a substantial quantity of unpublished material. His work in pure mathematics and mathematical logic extended considerably further; the work of his last years, on morphogenesis in plants, is also of the greatest originality and of permanent importance. This book is divided into three parts. The first part focuses on computability and ordinal logics and covers Turing's work between 1937 and 1938. The second part covers type theory; it provides a general introduction to Turing's work on type theory and covers his published and unpublished works between 1941 and 1948. Finally, the third part focuses on enigmas, mysteries, and loose ends. This concluding section of the book discusses Turing's Treatise on the Enigma, with excerpts from the Enigma Paper. It also delves into Turing's papers on programming and on minimum cost sequential analysis, featuring an excerpt from the unpublished manuscript. This book will be of interest to mathematicians, logicians, and computer scientists.



Turing S Imitation Game

Turing s Imitation Game PDF
Author: Kevin Warwick
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 2016-09-30
Book Size: 20.49 MB
Book Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 250
View: 4102

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Turing S Imitation Game

by Kevin Warwick, Turing S Imitation Game Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download Turing S Imitation Game book, Can you tell the difference between talking to a human and talking to a machine? Or, is it possible to create a machine which is able to converse like a human? In fact, what is it that even makes us human? Turing's Imitation Game, commonly known as the Turing Test, is fundamental to the science of artificial intelligence. Involving an interrogator conversing with hidden identities, both human and machine, the test strikes at the heart of any questions about the capacity of machines to behave as humans. While this subject area has shifted dramatically in the last few years, this book offers an up-to-date assessment of Turing's Imitation Game, its history, context and implications, all illustrated with practical Turing tests. The contemporary relevance of this topic and the strong emphasis on example transcripts makes this book an ideal companion for undergraduate courses in artificial intelligence, engineering or computer science.



The Turing Guide

The Turing Guide PDF
Author: Jack Copeland
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2017
Book Size: 75.11 MB
Book Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 544
View: 6483

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The Turing Guide

by Jack Copeland, The Turing Guide Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download The Turing Guide book, Alan Turing has long proved a subject of fascination, but following the centenary of his birth in 2012, the code-breaker, computer pioneer, mathematician (and much more) has become even more celebrated with much media coverage, and several meetings, conferences and books raising public awareness of Turing's life and work. This volume will bring together contributions from some of the leading experts on Alan Turing to create a comprehensive guide to Turing that will serve as a useful resource for researchers in the area as well as the increasingly interested general reader. The book will cover aspects of Turing's life and the wide range of his intellectual activities, including mathematics, code-breaking, computer science, logic, artificial intelligence and mathematical biology, as well as his subsequent influence.



The Essential Turing

The Essential Turing PDF
Author: B. Jack. Copeland
Publisher: Clarendon Press
Release Date: 2004-09-09
Book Size: 14.49 MB
Book Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 620
View: 6469

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The Essential Turing

by B. Jack. Copeland, The Essential Turing Books available in Docs, PDF, EPUB, Mobi, Textbook, Kindle Format. Download The Essential Turing book, Alan Turing, pioneer of computing and WWII codebreaker, is one of the most important and influential thinkers of the twentieth century. In this volume for the first time his key writings are made available to a broad, non-specialist readership. They make fascinating reading both in their own right and for their historic significance: contemporary computational theory, cognitive science, artificial intelligence, and artificial life all spring from this ground-breaking work, which is also rich in philosophical and logical insight. An introduction by leading Turing expert Jack Copeland provides the background and guides the reader through the selection. About Alan Turing Alan Turing FRS OBE, (1912-1954) studied mathematics at King's College, Cambridge. He was elected a Fellow of King's in March 1935, at the age of only 22. In the same year he invented the abstract computing machines - now known simply as Turing machines - on which all subsequent stored-program digital computers are modelled. During 1936-1938 Turing continued his studies, now at Princeton University. He completed a PhD in mathematical logic, analysing the notion of 'intuition' in mathematics and introducing the idea of oracular computation, now fundamental in mathematical recursion theory. An 'oracle' is an abstract device able to solve mathematical problems too difficult for the universal Turing machine. In the summer of 1938 Turing returned to his Fellowship at King's. When WWII started in 1939 he joined the wartime headquarters of the Government Code and Cypher School (GC&CS) at Bletchley Park, Buckinghamshire. Building on earlier work by Polish cryptanalysts, Turing contributed crucially to the design of electro-mechanical machines ('bombes') used to decipher Enigma, the code by means of which the German armed forces sought to protect their radio communications. Turing's work on the version of Enigma used by the German navy was vital to the battle for supremacy in the North Atlantic. He also contributed to the attack on the cyphers known as 'Fish'. Based on binary teleprinter code, Fish was used during the latter part of the war in preference to morse-based Enigma for the encryption of high-level signals, for example messages from Hitler and other members of the German High Command. It is estimated that the work of GC&CS shortened the war in Europe by at least two years. Turing received the Order of the British Empire for the part he played. In 1945, the war over, Turing was recruited to the National Physical Laboratory (NPL) in London, his brief to design and develop an electronic computer - a concrete form of the universal Turing machine. Turing's report setting out his design for the Automatic Computing Engine (ACE) was the first relatively complete specification of an electronic stored-program general-purpose digital computer. Delays beyond Turing's control resulted in NPL's losing the race to build the world's first working electronic stored-program digital computer - an honour that went to the Royal Society Computing Machine Laboratory at Manchester University, in June 1948. Discouraged by the delays at NPL, Turing took up the Deputy Directorship of the Royal Society Computing Machine Laboratory in that year. Turing was a founding father of modern cognitive science and a leading early exponent of the hypothesis that the human brain is in large part a digital computing machine, theorising that the cortex at birth is an 'unorganised machine' which through 'training' becomes organised 'into a universal machine or something like it'. He also pioneered Artificial Intelligence. Turing spent the rest of his short career at Manchester University, being appointed to a specially created Readership in the Theory of Computing in May 1953. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of London in March 1951 (a high honour).