Reviews Of Environmental Contamination And Toxicology

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology PDF
Author: W.P. de Voogt
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319235737
Size: 56.77 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 196
View: 1168

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Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology attempts to provide concise, critical reviews of timely advances, philosophy and significant areas of accomplished or needed endeavor in the total field of xenobiotics, in any segment of the environment, as well as toxicological implications.

Ecology And Conservation Of North American Sea Ducks

Ecology and Conservation of North American Sea Ducks PDF
Author: Jean-Pierre L. Savard
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482248980
Size: 72.96 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 610
View: 451

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The past decade has seen a huge increase in the interest and attention directed toward sea ducks, the Mergini tribe. This has been inspired, in large part, by the conservation concerns associated with numerical declines in several sea duck species and populations, as well as a growing appreciation for their interesting ecological attributes. Reflecting the considerable research recently conducted on this tribe, Ecology and Conservation of North American Sea Ducks examines the 15 extant species of sea ducks from North America. Chapters are organized conceptually to focus on, compare, and contrast the ecological attributes of the tribe. Experts provide in-depth treatments of a range of topics, including: Population dynamics and genetics Infectious diseases and parasites Breeding costs and cross-seasonal affects Contaminant burdens Foraging behavior and energetics Migration strategies, molt ecology, and habitat affinities and dynamics Breeding systems and reproductive behavior Harvest history The book presents a comprehensive synthesis of sea duck ecology, documents factors that have caused population declines of some species, and provides managers with measures to enhance recovery of depressed populations of sea ducks in North America. Capturing the current state of knowledge of this unique tribe, it provides a benchmark for where we are in conservation efforts and suggests future directions for researchers, managers, students, conservationists, and avian enthusiasts.

Environmental Contaminants In Biota

Environmental Contaminants in Biota PDF
Author: W. Nelson Beyer
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420084062
Size: 35.17 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 768
View: 7559

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Examining tissue residues of contaminants in biota reveals the movement of contaminants within organisms and through food chains as well as the context for understanding and quantifying injuries to organisms and their communities. Yet tissue concentrations of some contaminants are especially challenging to interpret and the ability of today’s analytical chemists to provide reliable analytical data of most important environmental contaminants often surpasses the ability of ecotoxicologists to interpret those data. Offering guidance on the ecotoxicologically meaningful interpretation of tissue concentrations, Environmental Contaminants in Biota, Interpreting Tissue Concentrations, Second Edition is updated with current data and new ways of analyzing those data as well as additional contaminants not previously considered. Beginning with a history of wildlife toxicology and data interpretation, chapters cover a wide range of contaminants and their hazardous and lethal concentrations in various animals including DDT, Dioxins, PCBs, and PBDEs in aquatic organisms; methylmurcury, selenium, and trace metals in fishes and aquatic invertebrates; and pharmaceuticals and organic contaminants in marine mammals. The book considers the impact of Polychlorinated Biphenyls, Dibenzo-p-Dioxins and Dibenzofurans, and Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers; cyclodiene; and other organochlorine pesticides in birds and mammals. Later chapters examine the effects and analysis of lead, cadmium, and radionuclides in biota. With thousands of published research papers reporting tissue concentrations each year, Environmental Contaminants in Biota, Interpreting Tissue Concentrations, Second Edition gives ecotoxicologists the ability to draw actionable value regarding the toxicological consequences of those concentrations and relate tissue concentrations quantitatively to injury: the core of ecotoxicology.

Environmental Contaminants In Wildlife

Environmental Contaminants in Wildlife PDF
Author: James P. Meador
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781566700719
Size: 53.14 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 512
View: 5503

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Many books have been written about the effects of toxic chemicals on wildlife, but none has focused on the practical question, "How much of a chemical in the tissues of an animal is harmful?" This book deals exclusively with that question. This comprehensive reference will certainly become the standard resource on the topic, offering authoritative and sound advice on many environmental contaminants. With chapters written by outstanding experts in their respective fields, this is not only a scholarly collection of discussions on different chemicals, but, for those who have the day-to-day task of evaluating the harm of environment contaminants to wildlife, this book will provide answers on, for example, how to interpret 1 ppm lead in the liver of a duck or fish. The authors explain the snags of interpreting data that are sometimes conflicting or insufficient, providing the reader with helpful advice on how to cope with such data. Each chapter reviews literature on a specific chemical, followed by a easy-to-understand summary providing technical guidance. For many years this book will remain the preeminent reference on how to interpret contaminant levels of organochlorine pesticides, PCBs, dioxins, PAHs, metals, selenium, and fluorides in wildlife.

Diseases Of Wild Waterfowl

Diseases of Wild Waterfowl PDF
Author: Gary A. Wobeser
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461559510
Size: 45.15 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 324
View: 2034

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Management of wild waterfowl has become increasingly intensive. Many birds now hatch in managed nesting cover or in artificial nesting structures, use man-made wetlands, and winter on crowded refuges while consuming a grain diet The water they use is often limited in supply and may contain residues from its many prior users. Unfortunately, intensified management often results in new problems, among which disease is important There are many similarities between the current form of management used for some waterfowl and that used in domestic animals. In both, the objective is to maintain a healthy, productive population. Dealing with health problems in waterfowl will benefit from combining the skills of veterinary medicine and wildlife ecology. Revisiting this book after 15 years allowed me to consider changes at the interface between the two disciplines. Veterinary medicine traditionally has been concerned with the individual and with treating sick animals, while the ecologist is concerned with populations and the manager has limited interest in treating sick birds. During this period there has been a marked increase in awareness among veterinarians that they have a responsibility in wildlife and conservation biology. Curricula of many veterinary colleges now include material on non-domestic animals and attempt to put disease in an ecological context. Also during this time, waterfowl managers have become more aware of disease as a factor in population biology and there are early attempts to put numbers to "disease" in models of continental waterfowl populations.

Wildlife Ecotoxicology

Wildlife Ecotoxicology PDF
Author: John E. Elliott
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387894324
Size: 20.42 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 468
View: 4100

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Many books have now been published in the broad field of environmental toxicology. However, to date, none of have presented the often fascinating stories of the wildlife science, and the steps along the way from discovery of problems caused by environmental pollutants to the regulatory and non-regulatory efforts to address the problems. This book provides case by case examinations of how toxic chemical effects on wildlife have brought about policy and regulatory decisions, and positive changes in environmental conditions. Wild animal stories, whether they are about the disappearance of charismatic top predators, or of grossly deformed embryos or frogs, provide powerful symbols that can and have captured the public's imagination and have resulted in increased awareness by decision makers. It is the intent of this book to present factual and balanced overviews and summaries of the science and the subsequent regulatory processes that followed to effect change (or not). We cover a variety of chemicals and topics beginning with an update of the classic California coastal DDT story of eggshell thinning and avian reproduction to more recent cases, such as the veterinarian pharmaceutical that has brought three species of Asian vultures to the brink of extinction. Researchers, regulators, educators, NGOs and the general public will find valuable insights into the processes and mechanisms involved both in environmental scientific investigation and in efforts to effect positive change.

Feeding Ecology Of And Lead Exposure In A Top Predator

Feeding Ecology of and Lead Exposure in a Top Predator PDF
Author: Mirjam Nadjafzadeh
Publisher: Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH
ISBN: 3832529896
Size: 48.52 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 141
View: 5350

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Although the feeding ecology of raptors has attracted the attention of many scientists, aspects such as diet selection and foraging strategy are still poorly understood. This is particularly true for large species such as the white-tailed eagle. Representative assessments of the contribution of food sources containing toxins such as lead to raptor diets are scarce but are essential for optimising conservation efforts. This dissertation investigated the feeding ecology of white-tailed eagles to shed light on the interaction of such top predators with their environment and to improve the conservation management of this lead-exposed species. A use of complementary methods identified the most effective approach for dietary investigations on free-ranging raptors. The findings revealed that the foraging strategy of white-tailed eagles is influenced by both individual and environmental factors and corresponds to an efficient food intake in terms of optimal foraging theory. The main sources of lead fragments that induce fatal lead poisoning are shot mammalian carcasses which constitute important alternative diet components for white-tailed eagles during the hunting season. One approach to solve the lead poisoning problem can be the use of lead-free bullets by hunters that fragment into sufficiently large particles which would be avoided by scavenging eagles and birds with similar feeding behaviour.

Handbook Of Ecotoxicology Second Edition

Handbook of Ecotoxicology  Second Edition PDF
Author: David J. Hoffman
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 142003250X
Size: 16.54 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 1312
View: 3405

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Handbook of Ecotoxicology, Second Edition focuses on toxic substances and how they affect ecosystems worldwide. It presents methods for quantifying and measuring ecotoxicological effects in the field and in the lab, as well as methods for estimating, predicting, and modeling in ecotoxicology studies. Completely revised and updated with 18 new chapters, this second edition includes contributions from over 75 international experts. Also, a Technical Review Board reviewed all manuscripts for accuracy and currency. This authoritative work is the definitive reference for students, researchers, consultants, and other professionals in the environmental sciences, toxicology, chemistry, biology, and ecology - in academia, industry, and government.

Field Manual Of Wildlife Diseases

Field Manual of Wildlife Diseases PDF
Author: Milton Friend
Publisher: U S Geological Survey
ISBN:
Size: 14.51 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 426
View: 5521

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Steel Shot Regulations

Steel Shot Regulations PDF
Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Administrative Practice and Procedure
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 65.92 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Shot (Pellets)
Languages : en
Pages : 314
View: 7589

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Australian Wildlife Research

Australian Wildlife Research PDF
Author: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (Australia)
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 56.29 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Animals
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 6545

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Wetland Birds

Wetland Birds PDF
Author: Milton W. Weller
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521633628
Size: 59.58 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 271
View: 5069

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Readable and practical account of wetland bird ecology and conservation.