The Peaceful Face Of Angola

The Peaceful Face of Angola PDF
Author: Michael Gerard Comerford
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 10.81 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Angola
Languages : en
Pages : 297
View: 3933

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The United Nations And Human Rights

The United Nations and Human Rights PDF
Author: Frédéric Mégret
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191544779
Size: 46.26 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 800
View: 2808

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The very concept of human rights implies governmental accountability. To ensure that governments are indeed held accountable for their treatment of citizens and others the United Nations has established a wide range of mechanisms to monitor compliance, and to seek to prevent as well as respond to violations. The panoply of implementation measures that the UN has taken since 1945 has resulted in a diverse and complex set of institutional arrangements, the effectiveness of which varies widely. Indeed, there is much doubt as to the effectiveness of much of the UN's human rights efforts but also about what direction it should take. Inevitable instances of politicization and the hostile, or at best ambivalent, attitude of most governments, has at times endangered the fragile progress made on the more technical fronts. At the same time, technical efforts cannot dispense with the complex politics of actualizing the promise of human rights at and through the UN. In addition to significant actual and potential problems of duplication, overlapping and inconsistent approaches, there are major problems of under-funding and insufficient expertise. The complexity of these arrangements and the difficulty in evaluating their impact makes a comprehensive guide of the type provided here all the more indispensable. These essays critically examine the functions, procedures, and performance of each of the major UN organs dealing with human rights, including the Security Council and the International Court of Justice as well as the more specialized bodies monitoring the implementation of human rights treaties. Significant attention is devoted to the considerable efforts at reforming the UN's human rights machinery, as illustrated most notably by the creation of the Human Rights Council to replace the Commission on Human Rights. The book also looks at the relationship between the various bodies and the potential for major reforms and restructuring.

The Power Of Process

The Power of Process PDF
Author: Devika Hovell
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191027448
Size: 69.71 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 224
View: 1718

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The UN Security Council's transition to 'targeted sanctions' in the 1990s marked a revolutionary shift in the locus of the Council's decision-making from states to individuals. The establishment of the targeted sanctions regime, should be regarded as more than a shift in policy and invites attention to an emerging tier of international governance. This book examines the need to develop a due process framework having regard to the uniquely political and crisis-based context in which the Security Council operates. Drawing on Anglo-American jurisprudence, this book develops procedural principles for the international institutional context using a value-based approach as an alternative to the formalistic approach taken in the literature to date. In doing so, it is recognized that due process is more than a set of discrete legal standards, but is a touchstone for the way the international legal order conceives of far larger questions about community, law and values.

Canadian Annual Review Of Politics And Public Affairs 1999

Canadian Annual Review of Politics and Public Affairs 1999 PDF
Author: David Mutimer
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 9780802039019
Size: 21.77 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 320
View: 3872

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Long praised for its accuracy, readability, and insight, the Canadian Annual Review of Politics and Public Affairs offers a synoptic appraisal of the year's developments in Canadian politics. Canada went to war in 1999, participating in a two-month NATO-led air war against Yugoslavia over its treatment of Kosovar Albanians. Attracting less public attention was an important turn in the country's constitutional arrangements - the creation of Nunavut - producing a self-governing capacity for the Inuit. The year 1999 also saw both the federal and British Columbia governments approve an historic agreement with the Nisga'a Nation. Additionally, Jean Chrétien's Liberal government pushed ahead with its plan to create a law that sets out the rules around any future referendum on Quebec's sovereignty. The Canadian Annual Review is unique in its collection and presentation of the year in politics. The combination of the calendar and the text offers a superb, easy-access reference source for political events, both federal and provincial.

Human Security Studies

Human Security Studies PDF
Author: Sorpong Peou
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9814440477
Size: 22.51 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 516
View: 3825

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Human Security Studies: Theories, Methods and Themes examines the concept of human security from different theoretical and methodological perspectives and shows how they help shed light on the different themes of global intervention. Liberal perspectives, represented by global legalism and developmentalism, share the optimism that human security can be ensured and enhanced through strengthening global governance. Realists remain skeptical about this liberal vision. While also critical of the liberal promise, critical theorists and feminists offer radical perspectives on human security. All these perspectives help explain the challenges of military intervention for human protection, micro-disarmament, international criminal justice, smart sanctions, human rights and democracy promotion, and human development.

The Machel Review 1996 2000

The Machel Review  1996 2000 PDF
Author: Graça Machel
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 20.43 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Child welfare
Languages : en
Pages : 68
View: 3619

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In 1996, the United Nations Secretary General released a report, The Impact of armed conflict on children, prepared by Graça Machel. The Machel Report provided the first comprehensive human rights assessment of war-affected children, drew attention to such issues as refugee children and child soldiers, and examined the relevance & adequacy of international standards to the protection of children in conflict situations. This document reviews the wide-ranging series of actions taken in response to the Machel Report and makes recommendations with regard to: wars against children; child soldiers & refugees; children affected by HIV/AIDS; gender-based violence & sexual exploitation; malnutrition & disease; psycho-social impacts; education for survival; land mines & unexploded ordnance; light weapons; protecting children from sanctions; standards for child protection; a children's agenda for peace & security; reconstruction and reconciliation; women & the peace process; communications & the media; and preventing war.

The New World Of Un Peace Operations

The New World of UN Peace Operations PDF
Author: Thorsten Benner
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191618756
Size: 52.23 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 272
View: 312

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Peace operations are the UN ́s flagship activity. Over the past decade, UN blue helmets have been dispatched to ever more challenging environments from the Congo to Timor to perform an expanding set of tasks. From protecting civilians in the midst of violent conflict to rebuilding state institutions after war, a new range of tasks has transformed the business of the blue helmets into an inherently knowledge-based venture. But all too often, the UN blue helmets, policemen, and other civilian officials have been "flying blind" in their efforts to stabilize countries ravaged by war. The UN realized the need to put knowledge, guidance and doctrine, and reflection on failures and successes at the center of the institution. Building on an innovative multi-disciplinary framework, this study provides a first comprehensive account of learning in peacekeeping. Covering the crucial past decade of expansion in peace operations, it zooms into a dozen cases of attempted learning across four crucial domains: police assistance, judicial reform, reintegration of former combatants, and mission integration. Throughout the different cases, the study analyzes the role of key variables as enablers and stumbling blocks for learning: bureaucratic politics, the learning infrastructure, leadership as well as power and interests of member states. Building on five years of research and access to key documents and decision-makers, the book presents a vivid portrait of an international bureaucracy struggling to turn itself into a learning organization. Aimed at policy-makers, diplomats, and a wide academic audience (including those working in international relations, peace research, political science, public administration, and organizational sociology), the book is an indispensable resource for anyone interested in the evolution of modern peace operations.

Economic Sanctions

Economic Sanctions PDF
Author: Kristina Lyn Heitkamp
Publisher: Greenhaven Publishing LLC
ISBN: 1534503455
Size: 63.32 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Young Adult Nonfiction
Languages : en
Pages : 200
View: 4485

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Economic sanctions, the withdrawal of established trade relations, have been used as a nonviolent strategy by governments around the world to varying success. The United States alone has twenty-six sanction programs in place today. Programs have recently shifted toward "smart" sanctions, with a goal of eliminating the suffering of civilians. The expert viewpoints in this enlightening resource examine, from an international perspective, whether or not economic sanctions are effective, in what situations they work best, and what other solutions might be more effective.

September 11 2001

September 11  2001 PDF
Author: Paul Eden
Publisher: Brill - Nijhoff
ISBN:
Size: 47.87 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 856
View: 1197

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Essays based on proceedings of a two-day international conference held at the University of Sussex, England, on March 21-22, 2003.

Collective Security

Collective Security PDF
Author: Nicholas Tsagourias
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107015405
Size: 12.76 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 518
View: 2164

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A systematic analysis and assessment of the institutional, operational, legal and accountability parameters of the United Nations collective security system.

United Nations Financial Sanctions

United Nations Financial Sanctions PDF
Author: Sachiko Yoshimura
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429535937
Size: 47.81 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 218
View: 498

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This book presents insightful perspectives on the invocation, implementation and application of UN-approved financial sanctions and related issues. With contributions from academics, diplomats and UN panel experts, Yoshimura offers an analysis of how the UN financial sanctions have evolved, the different roles of various major international actors in agreeing and deploying them, and their success in achieving desired outcomes. It also sheds light on a vital role of Japan in the formulation and deployment of financial sanctions, as the third largest economy in the world with very limited armed forces and a pacifist constitution. Offering valuable consideration into one of the key implements of international law, this is an essential guide for scholars and practitioners in Diplomacy and International Relations.